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Canada expels Indian envoy as it investigates India's role in Sikh activist's slaying

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says Canada is investigating whether India is linked to the assassination of a Sikh Canadian citizen in British Columbia.
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Cassidy Hutchinson on the price of speaking out
In her first TV interview the former Trump loyalist and White House advisor, who was "disgusted" upon witnessing the attack on the Capitol by Trump supporters, talks about the price of telling the truth, as detailed in her new book, "Enough."
‘Bachelor in Paradise’ alums Becca Kufrin and Thomas Jacobs welcome first baby
The former "Bachelorette" revealed her pregnancy news in April, gushing, "Little Bebe, we can't wait to meet you, hold you and watch you grow."
Cassidy Hutchinson on fallout from her Trump testimony
The former Trump loyalist and senior advisor to White House chief of staff Mark Meadows said she was "disgusted" upon witnessing the attack on the Capitol by Trump supporters over the lie of election fraud. But after testifying to the January 6 Committee, Cassidy Hutchinson was forced into hiding. In her first TV interview she talks with correspondent Tracy Smith about the price of telling the truth, as detailed in her new book, "Enough."
FanDuel Promo Code for NFL Week 3: Grab $200 Bonus for Sunday, MNF Games
This FanDuel promo code for NFL Week 3 will come with a $200 bonus for any Sunday or MNF game.
Week 3 NFL player props, picks: Justin Fields won’t be a robot vs. Chiefs
Week 3 NFL player props have dropped.
FBI sued after allegedly losing hundreds of thousands in rare coins during raid
Don Mellein and Jeni Pearsons are suing the government alleging the FBI seized, then lost their property through the "shady" process of civil forfeiture.
Solution to Evan Birnholz’s Sept. 24 crossword, ‘Novelty Songs’
Songs that convey an unconventional theme.
As religion declines in America, influencers, celebs search for meaning at Hollywood spa: ‘Secular Sabbath’
A members-only meditation club in California attracts influencers and celebrities who yearn for meaning, connection and purpose in America's increasingly non-religious culture.
'Krapopolis' review: A Greek king tries to modernize amid a dysfunctional family of gods and monsters
Dan Harmon's latest animated series, premiering Sunday on Fox, is set in ancient Greece and features British voice talents Matt Berry, Richard Ayoade and Hannah Waddingham.
Remnants of Tropical Depression Ophelia to soak NYC into Monday
The possibility of flooding and heavy rains in New York City from Tropical Depression Ophelia will last well past Monday's morning commute, forecasters say.
Zadie Smith Sees the Fraud in Us All
Zadie Smith’s new book The Fraud proves that none of us are as virtuous as we think.
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NFL Week 3 predictions: Seahawks on upset watch
Sunday's game between the Panthers and Seahawks could be closer than expected.
Help! I Tolerated My Husband’s Affair for Years. Now That He’s Dead, I Still Can’t Escape Her.
I don’t want this woman in my life.
El Paso, Texas ‘at a breaking point’ as migrant numbers skyrocket: mayor
"The city of El Paso only has so many resources and we have come to ... a breaking point right now," Mayor Oscar Leeser said.
Clams Ruled This Town Until the Crabs Moved In
Goro, on the Adriatic Sea, is famous for its clams — essential for the beloved spaghetti alle vongole. But an infestation of crabs is threatening the town’s cash crop.
NFL PrizePicks predictions, player picks for Week 3: Deshaun Watson, Bijan Robinson
We have two weeks of NFL in the books, so at the very least, we should know these teams a little better than we did at the start of the season.
FanDuel Promo Code scores $200 bonus bets for Titans-Browns, any game
The FanDuel promo code lets new customers get $200 in bonus bets for the Cleveland Browns hosting the Tennessee Titans.
Former Iowa Sen. Dick Clark dead at 95
Former Iowa Sen. Dick Clark, a Democrat, passed away at his Washington home at the age of 95, his family announced in a statement released this week.
Bryan Kohberger's former friend speaks out, tells FOX Nation murder suspect was 'frustrated' towards women
FOX Nation’s Nancy Grace breaks down what Idaho murders suspect Bryan Kohberger’s latest legal move means and learns from his former friend what he was like in middle school.
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Packers vs. Saints, Dolphins vs. Broncos picks: NFL odds, predictions
The Wildcat returns for his 27th season in The Post.
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Mary Trump Issues Ominous Prediction About Donald Trump
The estranged niece of the former president has hit out his comments about the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
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Biden warns against government shutdown, makes case for second term
President Biden issued a stark warning that "America could be forced to pay the price" if Republicans in Congress fail to act.
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Hedge fund wife alleges billionaire ex made a ‘sham’ $10M condo deal
Jenny Paulson is accusing her ex, John Paulson, of a "secretive web" to hide money from her. His lawyers call her claim a "money grab."
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Toddler, two others killed in shooting at an apartment in Florida
A toddler was among three people killed Saturday night during a shooting at an apartment in Jacksonville, Florida, authorities said.
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Prince Harry Reportedly Snubs King Charles—but Charles May Offer Him U.K. Home
Piroschka Van De Wouw/ReutersWelcome to this week’s edition of Royalist, The Daily Beast’s newsletter for all things royal and Royal Family. Subscribe here to get it in your inbox every Sunday.Harry must give ‘suitable warning’ for royal accommodationWhere can Prince Harry call home in the U.K.? That is the preoccupation of a weekend of feverish reporting—first, a reported snub by Harry to King Charles over staying at Balmoral; another story has Charles offering Harry a residence for when he stays in the country, while a third claims that Harry will have to give notice when he wants somewhere to stay.Read more at The Daily Beast.
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NASA’s First Asteroid Samples Streak Toward Earth After Spacecraft Release
A space capsule carrying NASA’s first asteroid samples is streaking toward a touchdown in the Utah desert, capping a seven-year journey.
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Want to be a successful real estate agent in NYC? Here’s how
They're closing deals, they’re driven to “sell, sell, sell” in an ultra competitive markets. So how do real estate agents do it?
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DraftKings Promo Code for NFL Sunday: Grab $350 Week 3 Bonuses
Our DraftKings promo code for NFL Sunday will unlock $350 in Week 3 bonuses for any game.
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Bobby Wagner helped Rams' Kyren Williams become a better back. The proof is on film
Kyren Williams already was pegged as a dedicated worker by the Rams, but last season veteran teammate Bobby Wagner taught the rookie running back the advantages of film study.
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Why New Hampshire is the most likely state where Trump could lose a primary
Former President Donald Trump is a heavy favorite to win the 2024 Republican nomination. He's getting over 60% in a number of national surveys of the GOP primary and holds the advantage in every early state that's been polled.
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China’s planned ban on offensive clothing shows growing intolerance
It’s unusually broad and draconian, reflecting the Communist rulers’ authoritarian instincts.
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The one book your child needs to read before they start 'adulting'               
There's one book that offers insight into the key elements of Western culture. Your kids need to be familiar with it to understand the world they live in and the world they inherited.
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Yes, there was global warming in prehistoric times. But nothing in millions of years compares with what we see today
When the last ice age ended thousands of years ago, the rate of global warming — which was roughly 10 times slower than what we see today — was rapid enough to wipe out entire species.
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Letters to the Editor: Theatrics in Congress shows how both parties are abandoning democratic priorities
Readers debate Speaker of the House Kevin McCarthy's impeachment inquiry into President Biden and how Democrats and Republicans are failing to serve constituents.
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Missing Jennifer Kesse's family holds out hope for possible DNA evidence
More than 17 years after 24-year-old Jennifer Kesse disappeared from her condo building, her family is holding out hope for potential DNA testing.
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Google has been force-feeding us ads. Now one big antitrust case could change the internet forever
Ad delivery is not simply predicting our preferences, but also shaping them and steering us toward specific opinions.
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How to Watch Eagles vs. Bucs Week 3 Game: TV, Betting Info
The Eagles-Bucs matchup is the first of two scheduled Monday Night Football games on the schedule this week. Kickoff is scheduled for 7:15 p.m. ET.
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Laughter at Dog's 'Dramatic' Reaction After She Bangs Her Head on the Door
"I've never seen a dog yelp in your face," said one commenter on the viral video.
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Man Demanding Cousin Pays $1,500 After Her Kids Wrecked His Home Backed
"File a police report and report the loss to your insurance," one user said.
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Editorial: Goodbye to cash bail. L.A. is moving to a better approach to pretrial justice
Bail-or-jail upon arrest will largely disappear from L.A. County, correcting an injustice yet raising concerns at a time of high-profile retail thefts. First in a series.
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More Schubert
I’ve passed the house of Mrs. RevereOften enough when her windows were openTo know she’d rather listen to SchubertMost evenings than watch whatever the networksAre beaming into her neighbors’ homes.Now that she’s lived, as I have, far longerThan twice Schubert’s 31 years,I wonder if she’d be willing, as I tell myselfI would be, to subtract some of the time still left herIf it could be carried back to his eraAnd added to his scant sum. My guessIs she’d gladly donate a year, without any prodding,While a month might be my best effort.Not a grand gesture, but still not nothing:To fall asleep at the end of a balmy JuneAnd wake next morning on the first of August,Allowing Schubert to develop some themesHe barely had time to sketch. And I hope I’d promiseTo give Mrs. Revere a week now and thenTo help her recruit more donors to our project.We’d belong to a band whose membersWould be entitled to see themselves as patronsAs well as clients, benefactors as wellAs recipients, joined in a secret fellowshipWe’d acknowledge by signs when we passed on the street.And whenever I wished that Schubert might guessThe role we played in lengthening his careerAnd dedicate one of his extra pieces to us,She’d say the last thing she wanted was musicThat sounded in any way beholden.And I might reply by asking why deny himThe pleasure of knowing how much he matteredTo people he’d never meet. A smile from him,And then he’d turn back to making something timelessFrom something destined to pass away.
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South Africa’s Great White Sharks Were Chased Away. That’s Great News.
This article was originally published by Hakai Magazine.To see a great white shark breach the waves, its powerful jaws clasping a shock-struck seal, is to see the very pinnacle of predatory prowess. Or so we thought. Several years ago, in South Africa, the world was reminded that even great white sharks have something to fear: killer whales.Long before they started chomping on yachts, killer whales were making headlines for a rash of attacks on South African great white sharks. The killings were as gruesome as they were impressive. The killer whales were showing a deliberate sense of culinary preference, consuming the sharks’ oily, nutrient-rich livers but leaving the rest of the shark to sink or wash up on a nearby beach.After the initial news of the attacks, the situation only got weirder. Great white sharks started disappearing from some of their best-known habitats around South Africa’s False Bay and Gansbaai regions, in the country’s southwest.[Read: Killer whales are not our friends]“The decline of white sharks was so dramatic, so fast, so unheard-of that lots of theories began to circulate,” says Michelle Jewell, an ecologist at the Michigan State University Museum. In the absence of explanation, pet theories abounded. Some proposed that overfishing of the sharks’ prey to feed Australia’s fish-and-chips market led to the sharks’ decline, although some scientists were critical of that idea. Others thought the disappearance was directly caused by the killer whales. Perhaps they were killing all of the sharks?“Any time you see large population declines in local areas, it’s cause for conservation concern,” says Heather Bowlby, a shark expert with Fisheries and Oceans Canada. “In a place where animals used to be seen very regularly, and suddenly they’re not there anymore, some were concerned that they all died.”Now, though, scientists know a bit more about what happened. In a recent paper, Bowlby and her colleagues argue that the sharks’ disappearance was caused by the killer whales. But the sharks aren’t dead. They just moved. Across South Africa, the scientists found, the white-shark population has undergone a pronounced eastward shift.To Jewell, who wasn’t involved in the research, this makes sense. “We know that predators have a huge influence on the movement and habitat use of their prey, so this isn’t really surprising,” she says. “The issue is that lots of people weren’t used to thinking of great white sharks as prey.”[Read: Why so many sharks have bird feathers in their bellies]Alison Kock, a marine biologist with South African National Parks and a co-author of the study, says researchers cracked the mystery after reports of white-shark sightings started flowing in from sites farther east y. “As False Bay and Gansbaai had major declines, other places reported huge increases in white-shark populations,” she says. “Too rapid to be related to reproduction, since they don’t reproduce that fast.”“It had to be redistribution,” she says, adding: “The white sharks moved east.” Places like Algoa Bay had seen great white sharks before, but not anywhere near this many.In the white sharks’ absence, South Africa’s west coast is changing. New species like bronze whalers and seven-gill sharks have moved into False Bay. For the tour operators who ran shark dives in the area, however, the shift has been difficult. Some have survived by switching to offering kelp-forest dives—driven in part by the popularity of the documentary My Octopus Teacher. Many, though, have gone under.But what of the great white sharks’ new home farther east? No one quite knows how these regions are adapting to a sudden influx of apex predators, but scientists expect some significant ecological changes. They’re also warning of the potential for more shark bites, because people living in the white sharks’ new homes are not as used to shark-human interactions.We may never know exactly how many white sharks died in killer-whale attacks. The prized and presumably tasty livers targeted by the killer whales help white sharks float, which means many dead white sharks may have sunk uncounted. Overall, though, Kock is glad to see the mystery solved.“This has been very worrying for me, and it was good to see evidence that they hadn’t all died,” she says. “But it’s still unbelievable to me that I can go to [False Bay’s] Seal Island and not see any white sharks. It’s something I never expected, and I miss them a lot.”
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A Dark and Paranoid American Fable
This is an edition of The Atlantic Daily, a newsletter that guides you through the biggest stories of the day, helps you discover new ideas, and recommends the best in culture. Sign up for it here.Welcome back to The Daily’s Sunday culture edition, in which one Atlantic writer reveals what’s keeping them entertained. Today’s special guest is our staff writer Ross Andersen. Ross has written about a prospective woolly-mammoth reserve in Siberia, a grisly slaughter at the National Zoo, and OpenAI CEO Sam Altman’s ambition to build a superintelligence. He is working on a book about the quest to find intelligent life beyond Earth.Ross is dreaming big dreams for the Lakers this season, obsessing over Don DeLillo, and taking loved ones to an immersive museum exhibition that leaves them feeling wobbly but grateful.First, here are three Sunday reads from The Atlantic: Cover story: The patriot The 22 most exciting films to watch this season Millennials have lost their grip on fashion. The Culture Survey: Ross AndersenThe upcoming event I’m most looking forward to: The NBA season is starting, and for the first time in years, my Lakers have an intelligently constructed roster. (Rob Pelinka, all is forgiven.) In the spirit of preseason expansiveness, I will note that this year, the Lakers could possibly—an elastic word!—notch their 18th NBA championship, passing the Celtics, who also have 17. There is even some chance they could do it by beating the Celtics themselves in the finals. As the winter wears on, timelines will branch, and many hoped-for futures will fall away. But so long as that one is alive, I’ll be locked in. [Related: It had to be the Lakers (From 2020)]Best novel I’ve recently read, and the best work of nonfiction: I’ve been on a Don DeLillo kick, primarily for the line-to-line style. I tore through The Names and am now reading Underworld, but between them I read Libra, my favorite book of his so far. It’s a fictionalization of the Kennedy assassination. DeLillo’s novel alleges a conspiracy, but does so largely within the established facts of the Warren Commission’s report. The result is a dark, paranoid American fable that reads so real, I’m making it my nonfiction pick, too. [Related: Don DeLillo on the anniversary of Apollo and Earthrise]A quiet song that I love, and a loud song that I love: Quiet: Air’s “Alone in Kyoto,” especially on a train. Loud: Rihanna’s sludgy, wall-of-sound cover of Tame Impala’s “New Person, Same Old Mistakes.” The original was already great, but I haven’t returned to it since hearing her version.A cultural product I loved as a teenager and still love, and something I loved but now dislike: I fell hard for R&B during its ’90s golden age. At one point, the intro to my voicemail was D’Angelo’s “Me and Those Dreamin’ Eyes of Mine.” No regrets. Almost all of it still bangs, but some of the genre’s more saccharine songs are getting a skip from me now. Keith Sweat’s “Make It Last Forever” is safe. Most Boyz II Men songs aren’t, except for the one with Mariah.An author I will read anything by: Lauren Groff. As a result of some bad decisions, I once had to spend nine hours at the Denver airport. I coped by bingeing Fates and Furies, Groff’s much-copied dueling-perspective take on marriage. I liked that book a lot, but it was her fourth novel, Matrix, that really set the hook. It takes place in a 12th-century convent in England that she reimagines in great sensory detail—to have read this book is to remember the chill of the convent’s stone walls. Groff always has at least one eye on the natural world, and I love that she’s unafraid to write in a spiritual key. It puts her books into larger, more ancient conversations than your average work of Brooklyn autofiction. [Related: The writer who saw all of this coming]The last debate I had about culture: I’ve been making a regular, if somewhat half-hearted, case that Lewis Strauss, Robert Downey Jr.’s character in Oppenheimer, is misunderstood. [Related: Oppenheimer’s cry of despair in The Atlantic]Something I recently rewatched, reread, or otherwise revisited: My son and I just saw a rerelease of 2001: A Space Odyssey at the Alamo Drafthouse. It was nominally for research; I’m writing a nonfiction book about a team of scientists who are trying to make first contact. But he and I also have history with this movie. A few years ago, we saw a 70-mm print on the IMAX screen at the Smithsonian. The late Douglas Trumbull, who did many of the special effects, gave introductory remarks. This viewing couldn’t match that, but the images still cast a spell. There was a small collective gasp among the audience when the screen filled up with the famous tracking shot of Dave, the red-suited astronaut, walking through a shimmering octagonal corridor toward the pod-bay doors and the deeper human future.A poem, or line of poetry, that I return to: Rilke: “Spring has come again. The earth is like a child that knows poems by heart.”A painting, sculpture, or other piece of visual art that I cherish: As part of a recent career retrospective, the artist Laurie Anderson painted an entire room at the Hirshhorn Museum, here in Washington, D.C., with a base layer of slick black. She then used chalky white paint to cover its floor and walls with illustrations and quotes, many of them existential in one way or another. When it first opened, I went with my daughter, and we were both taken aback by its forcefulness. No matter where you looked, you couldn’t escape Anderson’s thoughts. A lot of what gets marketed as immersive art these days is a warm bath—a swirly Van Gogh light show set to tinkly music. Anderson’s room is confronting. I’ve taken several people to it since, and they’ve all come out wobbly, but grateful.A favorite story I’ve read in The Atlantic: Our October cover story, “Jenisha From Kentucky.” Among its other virtues, it’s a brilliant detective tale. The writer, Jenisha Watts, conducts a thorough and painful excavation of her childhood. She uncovers family secrets and holds them up to the light. She reimagines her past, present, and future selves. The language is beautiful and direct. It’s perfect for a Sunday morning. [Related: What it’s like to tell the world your deepest secrets]The Week Ahead Land of Milk and Honey, a novel by C. Pam Zhang about a chef who escapes a dystopian smog by taking a mysterious job on a mountaintop in Italy (on sale Tuesday) The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar, an adaptation of Roald Dahl’s beloved tale, directed by Wes Anderson and starring Benedict Cumberbatch (streaming on Netflix this Wednesday) Season 4 of Lego Masters, where enthusiasts compete in various building challenges, (premieres Thursday on Fox) Essay Richard Kalvar / Magnum Dogs Need Understanding, Not DominanceBy Kelly Conaboy In 2022, the researchers Lauren Brubaker and Monique Udell recruited 48 parents and their children for a study on the behavioral effects of different parenting styles. The adult subjects were given a survey about their expectations for their children, and how they typically respond to their needs; the children were tested to determine their attachment style, sociability, and problem-solving skills. I should probably mention that the children involved were dogs. The dogs who were cared for by owners with an “authoritative” style, meaning one where high expectations matched a high responsiveness toward their dog’s needs, were secure, highly social, and more successful at problem-solving … The language might sound familiar to those acquainted with the concept of “gentle parenting,” a philosophy that’s become popular in recent years. Tenets of gentle parenting, including a focus on empathy in parent-child interactions, and avoiding punishment in favor of helping the child understand the reasons behind their actions and emotions, have been linked to positive outcomes for kids. And although children are obviously very different from dogs, a parallel shift in approach has been happening in humans’ relationships with their canine kids. Read the full article.More in Culture Russell Brand wasn’t an anomaly. Tolstoy was wrong about happy families. Nixon between the lines What Emily Dickinson left behind The overlooked danger that’s massacring wildlife ​​The undoing of a great American band Some good news about your malaise Parent diplomacy is overwhelming teachers. A high-water mark in American mass culture Viewfinder: Confronting the unbelievable Poem: “Distressed Haiku” Poem: “All Our Pretty Sons” Catch Up on The Atlantic Anne Applebaum: The American face of authoritarian propaganda Airlines are just banks now. The tragedy of Google Search Photo Album French tightrope walker Nathan Paulin walks on a wire during a performance of "Les Traceurs Theatre de Chaillot au Musee d'Orsay" by Rachid Ouramdane, as part of the European Heritage Days and the Cultural Olympiad in Paris, on September 16, 2023. (Julien De Rosa / AFP / Getty) A reenactment of a 17th-century civil war in England, a cotton harvest in Uzbekistan, and more in our editor’s selection of the week’s best photos.Katherine Hu contributed to this newsletter.Explore all of our newsletters.
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My Divorce Freed Me From Pretending to Be Religious. My Son Is Crushed.
I never understood why he was into it anyway.
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The bizarre new frontier for cell-cultivated meat: Lion burgers, tiger steaks, and mammoth meatballs
Jess Hannigan for Vox “Exotic” cultivated meats claim to be harmless, but they could threaten actual endangered animals. What is the strangest meat you’ve eaten? For me, it’s reindeer. This was during a trip to Finland when I was 7. We’d gone to the Arctic Circle, where I hoped to meet Father Christmas. I remember being driven through dark forests on the back of a snowmobile to a firelit clearing where we ate reindeer sausages. Though my baby brain didn’t then realize I was eating one of Rudolph’s cousins and that Santa might disapprove, I enjoyed the meat. It was spiced and tender and warmed me after the freezing journey. Eating reindeer remains one of my core memories, though I now consider eating all animals gross and unethical. But I’ve discovered reindeer is not a veryexotic meat, at least compared with what my Instagram followers have been eating. When I posted the question: “What’s the most exotic meat you’ve eaten?” I discovered my followers had eaten everything, from alligator to minke whale. Which animals we find acceptable to eat vary from person to person, according to our values, palates, and upbringing. Many consider eating cows and chickens okay, but not octopus, dolphin, or tiger. Right now, you’d be hard-pressed to find tiger meat in your local supermarket, but developments in tech are making a future possible in which eating exotic meats, from alligator to zebra, could be commonplace. But, how? Well, factory-farmed tiger, thankfully, isnot about to become a dystopian reality. But we might one day eat “ethical” tiger through innovations in cultured-cell technology. Cultured meat, also known as cell-cultivated meat, is not pork reared on caviar and Italian neorealist cinema — it is meat that has been grown in a lab. It has the potential to liberate animals from exploitation, creating burgers and sausages from meat that has been grown in bioreactors and harvested without the death of a sentient being. The first cell-cultivated chicken in the US came to market this summer. It’s an exciting technology, as it could substantially reduce the number of animals slaughtered yearly (or, at least, limit the expansion of that number). It’s not all chicken and pork, though. Recently, startups such as Primeval Foods and Vow have begun developing meat cultured from the cells of exotic (and even extinct) animals, such as tiger, zebra, or mammoth. A gigantic mammoth meatball produced by Vow earlier this year brought many people’s attention to the potential applications of cultured-cell technology, and advocates argue the novelty of nontraditional meats could help win over an otherwise hard-to-reach group of potential consumers. Mike Corder/Associated Press A meatball made using DNA from a mammoth is seen at the Nemo science museum in Amsterdam in March 2023. Some animal advocates, however, have voiced concerns that popularizing exotic meats could have unforeseen consequences. The tech, if successful (a big if), could create an appetite for real tiger meat, putting additional pressure on already-endangered wild big cat populations. And some vegans, who advocate against the commodification of animals, worry that eating cell-cultivated meat could entrench the belief that animals are something to be exploited and consumed, rather than beings to be protected; they argue the desire to manufacture cultured tiger meat reveals that “clean” meat is a fallacy promoted by meat producers developing new ways to exploit the animal kingdom. How cultured tiger steak could hurt real tigers In April, I spoke with Yilmaz Bora, CEO of Primeval Foods, a company developing cultured tiger meat. I’d imagined Bora to be a meat-lover, but I was surprised to discover that he was the opposite. “I went vegan roughly three, four years ago,” Bora said. “It started with activism, supporting UK [animal rights] groups. After a while, I realized that was not going to work. We had to involve the economy, involve the capitalist system, to have a meaningful impact on animals.” From there, Bora began developing alternative proteins that he hoped would convert diehard meat eaters from factory-farmed animals. According to Bora, exotic meat seemed a viable option because, he believes, the “masculine” group that drives meat consumption would find meat grown from big cats more compelling than meat grown from conventional livestock cells. “If you are making barbecue every weekend in Texas and you have no interest in climate, no interest in animal welfare, there is not any product for you,” he said. “Tigers, or other wild cats such as lions, represent power. ... There is this masculine profile [that is firmly anti-vegan], and they tend to not eat alternative plant-based or alternative protein on the market, but it will appeal to them because it represents something luxury.” Developing meat from the cells of an animal that represents power might be a compelling method of marketing cultured meats. But problems will arise if the appetite for lab-grown tiger causes an upsurge in demand for meat from wild tiger populations. Only 4,500 tigers remain in the wild. John Goodrich, of the big cat conservation charity Panthera, explained the potential complications cultured tiger meat could create for tiger conservation. “One of the biggest threats to big cats, especially tigers, is poaching for their body parts, primarily for use in traditional Chinese medicine,” Goodrich said. “You’d hope that [cultivated meat] would flood the market so that there would no longer be any market for wild tiger parts.” It’s not at all clear that this would happen, even if cultivated tiger meat did become a success. “My concern is that there’s always going to be the contingent that wants the real thing,” Goodrich added. “By mainstreaming it, you are creating this much, much bigger market for tiger parts. ... Let’s say your market is a billion people: If less than 1 percent of that wants the real thing, that’s still enough to put tremendous pressure on the remaining 4,500 tigers in the wild.” “It’s not worth the risk,” he concludes. Michael Sohn/Associated Press Tiger cubs at a zoo in Germany. When I put this to Bora, I was met with a confusing response. He said he was “not aware” of the market for tiger in China, and added that he believed people would not consume wild tiger because sourcing it “is not convenient” and “it will taste really really bad ... because they are very muscular animals, they move a lot ... they have little to no fat.” Cultivated meat technology, Bora added, allows Primeval Foods “to change the fat percentage on the end product. ... We can do whatever we want to have that better mouthfeel, better texture, better taste.” That’s fine, but, as Goodrich explained, what if even a small contingent of Primeval Foods’s future intended consumers decide they want to eat real tiger? With wild tiger populations dwindling, any increase in poaching would be catastrophic, and the fact that real tiger meat “tastes really reallybad” can only be discovered after the animal has been slaughtered. It’s hard to fathom that degree of ignorance from the CEO of a startup with potentially harmful environmental implications — especially since others in the industry have engaged with such concerns more deliberately. When I spoke to George Peppou, founder of Vow, he said that, in the preliminary stages of developing Vow’s cultured cell products, Vow “started to work with the Zoo and Aquarium Association in Australia,” who “scared the crap out of me about ... unintentionally stimulating wildlife crime.” Ultimately, the product that Vow aspires to bring to market is not mammoth or other exotic animals, but what Peppou describes as “the Cheerios of meat” — synthetic, branded meats made from combining different animals’ cell lines in a way that’s comparable to the mixing of oats, wheat, and barley to create breakfast cereals. This would avoid problems like stimulating wildlife crime, as the meat Vow takes to market cannot be traced to a single species. Vow’s cultivated mammoth, according to Peppou, is a stunt intended to “challenge people’s perception of what meat is and get them comfortable with the idea that it can look different to what we have available to us now.” The mammoth meatball was developed, Peppou explained, after the company asked itself the question, “How do we move the window of what’s acceptable in meat?” Right now, synthetic “chimera meats” seem strange, and many consumers would choose chicken over lab-grown hybrids. Making synthetic meats seem conventional — at least compared to mammoth meatballs — is the strategic goal of Vow’s stunt. The philosophical trouble with tiger and all cultivated meat While Vow is embracing exotic cultivated meats with an eye toward preventing knock-on effects like further harming endangered species, there are also broader philosophical questions about cultured meats, whether conventional, exotic, or extinct, that are worth considering. John Sanbonmatsu, an animal rights philosopher and professor at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts, argues that cultivated meat only entrenches the commodification of animals and the idea that it’s okay to consume their flesh. The development of tiger steaks by Primeval, he said, is “fundamentally disrespectful of their personhood.” “One of the major problems with the way we relate to other animals is we treat them as commodities,” Sanbonmatsu told me. “If you look at the discourse of Primeval Foods or these other companies, the way they describe the rationale for their enterprise is reinforcing the idea that humans are meant to exploit nature and other animals for their purposes without any ethical limits.” To Sanbonmatsu’s thinking, the assumption that animals are available for exploitation is only underscored by the development of exotic cultivated meat. Viewed through that lens, growing tiger meat is just another example of humanity’s disregard for the animal kingdom, demonstrating that the drive to find “ethical” ways to exploit them creates fresh problems that need solving further down the line. For example, Sanbonmatsu and charities such as Food & Water Watch argue that because lab-grown meat doesn’t challenge the idea that animal flesh is edible, it will augment rather than replace factory farming. As the market for meat increases around the world, they predict, there could simply be no reduction in the number of animals currently slaughtered yearly (tens of billions of land animals and hundreds of millions or even trillions of fish). Rather, cultivated meat could merely limit the expansion of this number. While this is arguably a good thing, insofar as one dead cow is better than two, animal slaughter will continue to be a massive, cruel industry with an immense environmental impact. Those ethical concerns bring up an underlying question animal rights advocates will have to confront: What does it take for meat to be “clean?” For vegans such as Sanbonmatsu, who believe in animal personhood and the absolute equality of animals and humans, there is no scenario where that is the case. For others, the cleanest cultivated meat would be a product created without harming animals at all, but even this is proving to be a quixotic goal, as cultivated meat companies struggle to make their products without animal-derived ingredients. Cultivated meat companies are also taking funding from conventional meat companies like Tyson and Cargill, some of the world’s biggest perpetrators of animal suffering. It might still be that the current fastest way to dramatically limit animal suffering is through embracing cultured meat companies while putting the total abolition of animal exploitation on the back burner. Deeper ethical questions aside, it is undeniable that some advocates, such as Bora, are working to develop cultivated meat with the aspiration, however unlikely, of ending factory farming and conventional meat consumption. All I ask is that they confront the potential implications of the tech: Developing cultivated tiger, mammoth, or anything else might be a cool way to draw attention to cultured-meat technology, and it could succeed in drawing new consumers. But if people decide they want to eat “the real thing,” then many wild animals, from tigers to elephants to lions, could go the way of the woolly mammoth.
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