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How to watch the Boston mayoral debate

Michelle Wu and Annissa Essaibi George will face off in the first debate on October 13.
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Soccer star Mauro Icardi’s wife at war with model over alleged affair
Paris Saint-Germain striker Mauro Icardi has found himself in the middle of a relationship scandal.
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De Blasio, Stringer turn $8B in NYC pension funds over to AOC, Green New Deal
Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's Green New Deal is now governing the future of city pension funds, Mayor Bill de Blasio and city Comptroller Scott Stringer announced Thursday.
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Poaching is altering the genetics of wild animals
Elephants and other species are quickly adapting to human threats. Will that help them survive? Sometime in the distant past, well before humans walked the Earth, the ancestors of modern-day elephants evolved their iconic tusks. Elephants use their bleach-white incisors — they’re technically giant teeth, like ours but longer— to dig, collect food, and protect themselves. Then Homo sapiens arrived, and elephant tusks became a liability. Poachers kill the massive animals for their tusks, which are worth about $330 a pound wholesale as of 2017. Hunters slaughter roughly 20,000 elephants a year to supply the global ivory trade, according to the World Wildlife Fund. But just as tusks evolved because they provide a number of benefits, a striking new study shows that somepopulations of African elephants have rapidly evolved to become tusk–less. Published in the journal Science, the paper’s authors found that many elephants in a park in Mozambique, which were heavily hunted for their ivory during a civil war a few decades ago, have lost their tusks — presumably because tuskless elephants are more likely to survive and pass the trait on to their offspring. Courtesy of Joyce Poole A tuskless female elephant in Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park. While scientists have known about this trend for a while — it’s not uncommon to see tuskless elephants in places with lots of poaching — the study provides strong evidence that the trait is rooted in genetics, something previous research failed to do, said Andrew Hendry, an evolutionary biologist at McGill University who was not involved in the research. In other words, the study shows evolution in action. The results also offer a vivid example of how animals can quickly adapt under human pressures such as poaching and climate change. Past research has shown that creatures can evolve new colors, shapes, and even behaviors to better tolerate the increasingly inhospitable world we’ve created for them. The problem is that even rapid evolution hasits limits — and many species are already on the brink. How a civil war caused elephants to lose their tusks Social conflict and the decline of wildlife are often closely linked, the authors of the Science study write. Few locations reveal a clearer picture of this than Gorongosa National Park, a protected area in central Mozambique where Shane Campbell-Staton, an evolutionary biologist at Princeton University, led the research. During a 16-year civil war that began in 1977, poachers on both sides of the conflict slaughtered a huge number of elephants in the park for their ivory, which they sold to finance their efforts, according to the study. Over that period, the number of large herbivores (like elephants) at Gorongosa fell by more than 90 percent. Courtesy of Shane Campbell-Staton The researchers have to tranquilize elephants in order to collect their DNA. That’s not all that changed in the park. Between 1970 and 2000 — a period that encompassed much of the impact of the long-running war — the portion of female elephants without tusks nearlytripled. The researchers’ best guess was that it had something to do with genetics: A trait visible only in females suggests it might be associated with changes to genes on the X chromosome. (Female elephants have two X chromosomes, whereas males have an X and a Y chromosome.) This study all but proved it. The first bit of evidence was that female calves born from tuskless mothers were often themselves tuskless, indicating that the trait is passed on from one generation to the next. “A heritable trait is pretty strong evidence of a genetic basis,” said Robert Pringle, a biology professor at Princeton and a co-author of the study. The authors also identified a couple of regions in the animals’ DNA that appear to be associated with a lack of tusks. Sure enough, “There is strong evidence for mutations on a particular region of the X chromosome,” Pringle said. Mutations, or variations in an organism’s DNA, are an important engine of evolution. If they result in traits that are beneficial — such as tusklessness, for certain populations of female elephants — they’re more likely to get passed to the next generation and drive evolution. Remarkably, one of the genes associated with tusklessness is also present in humans, where it’s linked to a condition that limits the growth of our lateral incisors. These are essentially the same teeth that, in elephants, evolved into tusks millions of years ago. What makes this study so fascinating is that it offers evidence of rapid evolution in an animal that has a pretty long lifespan— 50 or 60 years in the wild — saidFred Allendorf, a professor emeritus at the University of Montana who was not involved in the research. Studies of elephants “rarely can say anything about the genetic basis” of tusklessness, Hendry added. For years, researchers assumed that rapid evolution was common only in small species with short life cycles. Given these results, “Nobody can argue that evolution isn’t occurring, even in the biggest and longest-lived species,” he said. Should all elephants ditch their tusks? In theory, it’s advantageousto be born without tusks in areas where poachers are active, Hendry said. But tusklessness also has its downsides. Elephants need their tusks to dig, lift objects, and defend themselves. The hulking incisors are not useless appendages. The genes that seem to make female elephants tuskless also appear to prevent mothers from giving birth to male calves — that’s why all of the tuskless elephants in the park are female, Pringle said. (Some mothers did give birth to males with tusks, who likely didn’t inherit the gene.) Over time, a shift in the sex of elephants could have consequences for population growth. Wolfgang Kaehler/LightRocket via Getty Images Two male elephants spar in the Masai Mara grassland in Narok, Kenya. There are also potential costs to African grasslands, which are among the rarest and most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth, the authors say. By turning over soil in search of food and minerals and gouging trees with their tusks, savanna elephants prevent forests from growing too denseand help maintain grasslands. That’s why they’re considered “engineers” of the ecosystem. If they lose their tusks, a whole web of plants and animals may feel the impact. “This evolutionary change could have massive cascading ecological influences,” Hendry said. How humans are changing animals For centuries, humans have shaped the environment around them, down to the very genetics of wild plants and animals. The tuskless elephants in this study are just one example in a long list of species that have adapted in response to the pressures we’ve placed on them. “Human-induced changes are creating conditions for fast biological evolution — so rapid that its effects can be seen in only a few years or even more quickly,” a team of scientists wrote in a landmark intergovernmental biodiversity report in 2019. Getty Images/iStockphoto Light and dark forms of the peppered moth One of the earliest and most famous examples is the peppered moth in the UK. Before the Industrial Revolution, most of the moths flitting about England were white with speckles of black, which helped them blend in with lichen and tree bark. Then, in the mid-to-late 1800s, coal-fired power plants and mills started belching dark soot that blackened trees in parts of the country. White moths stood out against the newly dark background and were more likely to be eaten by birds, whereas the once-rare black ones were camouflaged and survived. In a matter of years, some populations of peppered moths inverted from white to mostly black. The phenomenon was deemed “industrial melanism.” Scientists have measured similar changes in recent decades. One study from 2003, for example, found that bighorn sheep in Alberta, Canada, evolved smaller horns in roughly 30 years. The reason? Trophy hunters tend to target rams with larger horns. Another study, published this year, suggests that a type of lily found in the mountains of China is evolving less colorful leaves so it doesn't stand out in regions where it’s harvested as a traditional herb. Yang Niu et al./Current Biology In regions where a kind of lily called Fritillaria delavayi is heavily harvested, the plant has adapted better camouflage (images C and D) Rising temperatures from climate change also appear to be making some animals, including birds and mammals, smaller, as I previously reported. Smaller bodies cool off more easily than larger ones, so shrinking could be an adaptive response in warming environments (though it’s not yet clear whether or not these particular changes are genetic). Then there are species changing in less conspicuous ways. In Japan, populations of mamushi snakes that are heavily hunted for their perceived medicinal and nutritional benefits seem to be better at evading predators, compared to snakepopulations that hunters have ignored. Many species, including plants and insects, have evolved resistance to pesticides, which is why farmers often use several at once and chemical companies must constantly develop new solutions. There’s something like hope behind the idea of rapid evolution. Humans are deforesting, polluting, and exploiting the Earth at an alarming pace, yet in some cases, animals are adapting to live another day. There’s even a term for this resilience, Hendry said: “evolutionary rescue.” Still, this evolution, as fast-tracked as it may be, still often isn’t quick enough to overcome the many threats that species face. And because adaptations can also come with drawbacks, there are untold and unpredictable consequences for the ecosystem at large. Plus, not all species can adapt their way out of crisis. Consider rhinoceroses, which poachers kill for their horns. Three of the five rhino species have been hunted almost to extinction, yet none appear to have evolved hornlessness. In Gorongosa National Park, the ecosystem has largely recovered from the war, Pringle said. Poaching has subsided, but tusks haven’t bounced back. After the war, the park successfully rebuilt infrastructure, ramped up law enforcement, and put social development programs into place. The presence of tuskless elephants is now akin to a scar from an injury that’s healed, he said. So while evolution may have helped these creatures survive, the real remedy was putting an end to the underlying forces that triggered it in the first place.
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Inside Netflix’s Adoption Documentary Found, and One Genealogy Researcher’s Quest to Unite Families
An interview with Liu Hao, who works to unite adopted children with their birth parents in China
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Capitol riot defendant sentenced to 14 months for Parler threat: ‘Lets hunt these cowards down’
Troy Smocks of Dallas, the second defendant to be sentenced for a felony, was strongly criticized by the judge after claiming he was victim of racism.
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Trump plan for new media venture gets Wall Street's thumbs up
Shares of Digital World Acquisition, the SPAC that wants to take Donald Trump's new media venture public, quadrupled in value in Wall Street trading Thursday.
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House votes to hold Steve Bannon in criminal contempt
The House of Representatives voted to hold Trump administration adviser Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress on Thursday.
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Brian Laundrie update: Apparent human remains consist of 'bones' found in park, source confirms
The apparent human remains discovered Wednesday morning when Brian Laundrie's parents were searching in Florida's Myakkahatchee Creek Environmental Park, where their son, a fugitive, was last believed to have been, consisted of "bones," Fox News has confirmed. 
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Marine Corps vet disarms gun-wielding robbery suspect at Arizona gas station, video shows
A US Marine Corps veteran in Arizona was caught on video single-handedly disarming a gun-wielding juvenile who was attempting to rob a gas station on Wednesday. The incident happened at around 4:30 a.m. inside the convenience store at a Chevron gas station, the Yuma County Sheriff’s Office said. The sheriff’s office released surveillance footage from inside the store that shows three suspects...
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There Are Seven Ways to See Dune. Which Should You Choose?
Considerations include aspect ratios, your health, post-conversion 3D, and the future of the movies.
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World Cup European playoff draw set for Nov. 26
The playoff brackets to decide Europe’s final three qualifiers for next year's World Cup will be drawn on Nov. 26, FIFA said Thursday.
NIH acknowledges US funded gain-of-function at Wuhan lab, despite Fauci’s denials
The National Institutes of Health is now admitting to funding gain-of-function research on bats infected with the coronavirus at a lab in Wuhan, China despite repeated denials from Dr. Anthony Fauci that U.S. tax dollars were used on the funding.
Colin Powell Was My Thurgood Marshall
He was Black and Republican, a soldier and a diplomat — and his life holds a particular message for a nation whose democracy is increasingly in peril.
Garland can't ballpark number of illegal migrants DOJ is currently prosecuting
Attorney General Merrick Garland on Thursday did not have an answer to a question about how many migrants the Justice Department is prosecuting for illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border.
Manchin says he offered to change political parties if he was a 'problem' for Dems
The saga over Manchin's political party affiliation comes after a Mother Jones article claimed the West Virginia Democrat had plans to become an independent. Machin has denied the report.
Heather Thomson claims Sonja Morgan let men ‘put lit cigarettes in her vagina’
"I had taken her out of a vestibule where she was letting guys put lit cigarettes in her vagina," Thomson alleges in an explosive new "Housewives" tell-all.
Liz Cheney’s Consultants Are Given an Ultimatum: Drop Her, or Be Dropped
The message, delivered by a lobbyist close to the House minority leader, Kevin McCarthy, has already led one Republican firm to cut ties.
NFL lineman delivers wife's baby at home
Dawuane Smoot, an NFL lineman for the Jacksonville Jaguars, delivered his own baby at home after his wife was unable to make it to the hospital.
World Bank Warns Food, Gas Prices May Not Lower Before Mid-2022 Due to Rising Energy Costs
"Recent volatility in prices may complicate policy choices as countries recover from last year's global recession," said Ayhan Kose, chief economist and director of the World Bank's Prospects Group.
Over 2M Californians Live Near Oil Drilling Sites, State Called On to Expand Buffer Zones
Studies show living near oil drilling sites can cause increased risk for birth defects, cancer, respiratory problems and additional health issues.
What is the metaverse? Meaning explained
The concept of the metaverse is quickly becoming a buzzword in technology and business which is being embraced by Facebook. But what does it mean? Here we explain. What is the metaverse?  Metaverse is a broad term. It generally refers to shared virtual world environments which people can access via the internet. The term can...
McCarthy alleges Jan. 6 select committee’s Bannon subpoena is ‘invalid’
House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy is claiming the Jan. 6 select committee’s subpoena for documents and testimony from Steve Bannon is “invalid” ahead of the House’s vote to recommend Bannon be held in contempt of Congress.
Democrat Gets First $25K Payout From Texas Lt. Gov for Reporting Republican's Voter Fraud
"It's my belief that they were trying to get cases of Democrats doing voter fraud," Eric Frank, the tipster, said.
Stocks Hit a Record as Investors See Progress Toward a Spending Deal
After weeks of fluctuations driven in part by Washington gridlock, share prices hit another high and put a dismal September in the rearview mirror.
I was shamed for ‘looking too nice’ at my son’s playground
A TikToker says she was shamed by a group of nasty moms for dressing up in a glamorous outfit to take her son to the local playground.
Explosive star death witnessed by Hubble could help develop an early warning system
Astronomers had an unprecedented front-row seat to watch the explosive death of a star 60 million light-years away using the Hubble Space Telescope. These observations reveal what happens before a star dies and could help develop an early warning system.
Competing for a starting role as a freshman? USC's Jaxson Dart has done it before
As Jaxson Dart nears a return from a knee injury to compete with Kedon Slovis, the USC freshman quarterback can lean on a similar high school experience.
Gabby Petito, Brian Laundrie seen in last known candid photos taken before Petito went missing
Recently surfaced photos may be the last known candid shots of now-deceased Gabby Petito and her fugitive fiancé, Brian Laundrie.
Detroit Lions OC Anthony Lynn: Offense did 'not a damn thing' well vs. Bengals
The Detroit Lions set season lows for rushing yards (36), passing yards (202), total yards (228) and points (11) against the Cincinnati Bengals.
Train crash sends vehicles flying in Oklahoma
Four train passengers were injured in this terrifying Oct. 15 crash in Thackerville, Oklahoma. Video captured the moment a car-carrying trailer transporting at least two vehicles was hit by Amtrak Train 822 running between Fort Worth, Texas, and Oklahoma City.
Do you need another shot? Can you mix and match vaccines? COVID booster questions, answered.
COVID-19 boosters are expected to become widely available in the coming days and everyone eligible will be able to choose their preferred vaccine.
Ethnic Studies Will Soon Be a Requirement in California Schools
A look at California's ethnic studies requirement.
Florida Man Shoots, Kills Neighbor After Cat Wanders Onto His Property: Police
Sheriff's deputies said the man "became angry when his neighbor's cat had entered his property" and threatened to shoot the cat before shooting its owner.
FTC warns of increase in romance scams, especially targeting older adults
An increasing number of American seniors have been targeted for romance scams during the pandemic.
LAPD officer accused of fondling dead woman's breast ordered to stand trial
David Rojas is charged with felony sexual contact with human remains after authorities say he touched a dead woman's breast in October 2019.
Nevada governor at fault for Sunday's two-car accident in Las Vegas, police say
Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak was deemed at fault for a two-car collision that left him and the other driver with minor injuries Sunday after he failed to yield the right of way, according to a traffic crash report.
‘Tireless advocate’ Argelia Rodriguez, who helped transform college prospects for D.C. students, is stepping down
Rodriguez, who launched DC-CAP in 1999, oversaw a transformation of college-going culture in the nation's capital.
Stream It Or Skip It: ‘Insiders’ On Netflix, A Convoluted Spanish ‘Big Brother’ Copycat Where The Housemates Don’t Think They’re Being Filmed
Twelve gullible contestants think they're auditioning for a reality show when -- gasp! -- the show has already started!
Dodgers vs. Braves prediction: Max Fried will close out LA
Max Fried will beat the Dodgers and lead the Braves to the World Series.
Ally-turned-critic blasts Daniel Ortega's power grab
Prominent Nicaraguan journalist Carlos Fernando Chamorro once voted for Ortega over his own mother. Now he calls the president a dictator who's locking up opponents.
‘Bad boy’ alligator removed from lagoon for hostile behavior
This Australian zoo has their very own Kanye — and he's a bit of a handful.
CDC guidelines for 2021 holidays: How to celebrate safely
As the 2021 holiday season approaches and the COVID-19 pandemic stretches on, families and friends will once again determine whether – and how – to safely congregate.
Video captures moment gunman fires at teen boy getting on Harlem bus
A shocking video captures the moment a gunman opened fire on a teenager -- grazing him in the head -- just as he boarded an MTA bus in Harlem.
García to start Game 6 of ALCS for Astros against Red Sox
Rookie Luis García will start for the Houston Astros against the Boston Red Sox in Game 6 of the AL Championship Series on Friday night with a trip to the World Series on the line.
Are newly engaged ‘RHONJ’ star Teresa Giudice and Luis Ruelas meant to be?
Will this be “forever” or just end up with broken hearts and a sex tape?
Yes, there’s a ‘Squid Game’ Alarm Clock that shoots you to wake you up
Talk about a deadly awakening. ‘Squid Game’ on Netflix has been picking up steam, along with its eerie, larger-than-life doll that’s gained a nationwide following and caused nightmares for some watchers. Well, the giant ‘Red Light, Green Light’ doll doesn’t just appear on the big screen. For $38 on Amazon, she can appear on your...
New Beyoncé song ‘Be Alive’ in Venus and Serena Williams biopic starring Will Smith
The upcoming sports drama stars Will Smith as the tennis pros' father Richard as he trains his girls to be the best on and off the court.
Poll: 45 Percent of New Hampshire Democrats want Biden Primaried in 2024
A recent poll from the University of New Hampshire found that 45 percent of likely Democrat voters in their first-in-the-nation 2024 primary would like to see President Joe Biden be primaried, showing the first signs of dissatisfaction within the state.