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Full book panel, September 6

Authors Buzz Aldrin, Walter Isaacson, David McCullough, and Rachel Swaby discuss their books about inventors and innovators throughout history.
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Petri Dishes with Alexandra Petri (April 27 | 11 a.m. ET)
Humor columnist Alexandra Petri takes your questions and comments on the news and political in(s)anity of the day.
Have a question about vaccinations in D.C., Maryland and Virginia? Ask The Post. (April 22 | Noon ET)
Do you have questions about the Pfizer, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson vaccines? Let us know.
Once again, we’re being held hostage by Republicans’ delicate feelings
We won't reach herd immunity and defeat the pandemic unless we can cajole them into thinking of someone other than themselves.
Helping the disabled climb to new heights
It has been said the only limits are the ones you set for yourself. Eric Gray, who lost an eye to cancer, founded Catalyst Sports to teach climbing to people with all kinds of disabilities. Chip Reid has the story.
Obama leaves G20 Summit without Syria ceasefire deal
President Obama had hoped to reach an agreement at the G20 Summit with Vladimir Putin for coordinated U.S.-Russian airstrikes on ISIS and al Qaeda-linked terrorists. The administration also canceled a planned meeting with the president of the Philippines after he publicly insulted Obama. Margaret Brennan has reports.
Trans Teen Has Two Funerals After Grieving Parents Disagree Over Gender
After a transgender teenage boy passed away, his parents had to make a difficult decision: would they use his birth name or chosen name?
Impact of falling food prices felt across U.S.
American shoppers are enjoying what could be the longest streak of falling food prices in a half century. Although the lower prices may be good for consumers, they are terrible for American farmers. The nation's food supplies have been steadily growing, while demand has declined in major overseas markets like China. Manuel Bojorquez has more.
New questions raised in 1989 Minnesota cold case
Thousands of people in Minnesota are remembering the life of Jacob Wetterling, who was missing for nearly 27 years. A break in the case is leaving some questioning how it happened at all. Jamie Yuccas reports.
Laos still feeling the effects of the Vietnam War
President Obama's trip to Laos is the first by a sitting U.S. president. He is expected to address a once-secret bombing program the U.S. led in the Vietnam war that Laos is still feeling today. Adriana Diaz reports.
Rare April snowfall, record cold engulf central U.S., while sweeping east
Old Man Winter delivered an icy kiss to much of the Lower 48, breaking records and delivering rare snowfall so deep into spring
Students' Mock DUI Demonstration Interrupted by Actual Drunk Driver
During a mock DUI crash, intended to educate students about the dangers of drunk driving on prom night, an intoxicated driver sped through the scene, nearly hitting several participants.
Trump and Pence campaign in Ohio
The presidential race has just 64 days left and gets underway in earnest after Labor Day weekend. While campaigning in Ohio, Donald Trump took shots at Hillary Clinton and again addressed how he would win over minority voters. Major Garrett reports.
Hillary Clinton speaks with press about new campaign jet
After weeks without holding any press conferences, Hillary Clinton fielded questions from the press aboard her new campaign jet. She addressed the email controversy, questions about the Clinton Foundation and her rival, Donald Trump.
Full Video: Clinton overcomes coughing fit, says "friends don't let friends vote Trump" in Cleveland
Hillary Clinton had a frog in her throat while giving a speech in Cleveland Monday. With VP candidate Tim Kaine looking on, Clinton attacked Donald Trump on a number of different points. See her full remarks.
President Obama weighs in on Colin Kaepernick national anthem protest
President Obama said that Colin Kaepernick was exercising his First Amendment rights when he refused to stand during the national anthem at a game. CBSN's Vladimir Duthiers has the details.
16-year-old girl fatally shot by police in Ohio
The shooting happened in south Columbus.
Soccer star kneels during anthem in solidarity with Colin Kaepernick
U.S. soccer star Megan Rapinoe took a knee during the national anthem at one of her games, in support of quarterback Colin Kaepernick's recent protest against racial injustice. CBSN's Vladimir Duthiers has more.
Federal agents were "unprepared" to quell Portland unrest, IG finds
The DHS inspector general found many agents who were sent to Portland in the summer of 2020 lacked training and equipment.
Illinois deputies fatally shoot pipe-wielding domestic violence suspect, bodycam video shows
Illinois police on Monday released graphic bodycam video of deputies fatally shooting a man accused of beating his wife as he approached them with a metal pipe during an attempted arrest.
Clinton maintains lead over Trump amid lingering email concerns
A new CBS News poll shows that 46 percent of voters across 13 battleground states say that Hillary Clinton's explanations on her emails are getting less believable. Despite this, Clinton still leads over Donald Trump in several key states. CBSN political contributors Leslie Sanchez and Jamelle Bouie join CBSN with more.
Restaurants have a new challenge: Finding workers
A few weeks ago, Philippe Massoud posted online ads looking for a cook to hire at ilili, his New York City restaurant.
Ferguson activist-turned-city councilwoman reflects on Derek Chauvin verdict
More than six years ago, Fran Griffin was an activist protesting in the streets of Ferguson, Missouri, after a grand jury decided not to indict the officer who killed Black teen Michael Brown. Today, she is a city councilwoman brought to tears by the conviction of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in the murder of George Floyd. "CBS This Morning" national correspondent Jericka Duncan was with Griffin when she heard the news.
Virginia county allocating more than $6M for equity and equity training
Loudoun County, Virginia, is planning to spend more than $6 million on equity and "equity training" as part of its FY22 budget, raising questions about how the county is responding to parents' concerns on the issue.
Philippine president has vulgar insult for Obama
Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte called President Obama a "son of a b*tch," for questioning the war on drugs in his country. CBSN's Vladimir Duthiers has more details.
Russian police reportedly detain allies of Putin critic Alexei Navalny
Alexei Navalny was transferred to a prison hospital this week after beginning a hunger strike on March 31 to demand better health care.
Police Investigated After Video Confiscating Black Teens' Bikes Goes Viral
A group of Black and Latino teens riding their bikes recorded a recent interaction with their local police who claimed they needed a "license" to ride their bikes.
American men are struggling with employment
A recent article from The Wall Street Journal highlights one demographic group that continues to struggle in the job market: American men. The author of the article, Nicholas Eberstadt, joins CBSN to discuss the "quiet catastrophe" that is burdening American men.
10 things we learned about Earth since the last Earth Day
On September 9, 2020, smoke from wildfires burning across California blew over San Francisco, turning the sky blood orange. | Gabrielle Lurie/The San Francisco Chronicle via Getty Images The secret to wombat poop, how skies turn orange, and what a cold ocean blob could mean for the climate. This story is part of Down to Earth, a new Vox reporting initiative on the science, politics, and economics of the biodiversity crisis. This time last April, on the 50th anniversary of Earth Day, the world was coming to grips with the isolation of quarantine and the economic and travel slowdowns that defined the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. Even now, with the rollout of vaccines, the virus continues to affect our daily lives. And the toll keeps growing: 3 million dead and more than 140 million cases worldwide. If anything, the worst public health crisis in a century has brought our understanding of our planet, and our place in the fragile yet resilient web of life throughout it, into stark relief. Amid so much grief and loss and uncertainty, the biodiversity crisis paced ahead over the past year, becoming a much bigger theme on the world stage. The climate crisis worsened, too. Wildfires blazed. Ecosystems became even more fouled up than they already were. At the same time, the marked reduction in human activity spurred by the pandemic — what some experts have dubbed the “Anthropause” — has afforded scientists and researchers opportunities to observe the natural world like never before. Coinciding with these unique observational windows has been an increase in attention on Indigenous knowledge and land stewardship as a way forward in combating ecological catastrophe. In true Vox tradition, here are the 10 most concerning, intriguing, and — dare we say — hopeful things we learned about our planet since the last Earth Day. 1) We saw just how quickly ocean noise pollution can drop, and how much that can help marine life For a moment last spring, things got very quiet in the oceans. The drop in human activity that came with the pandemic resulted in drastic and voluntary sound reductions that ran the underwater gamut: from a drop in shipping noise, the predominant source of man-made ocean noise pollution, to decreases in recreation and tourism. All of it suddenly ceased. In Alaska’s Glacier Bay National Park, the foraging grounds of humpback whales, the loudest underwater sounds last May were less than half as loud as those in May 2018, according to a Cornell University analysis. A May 2020 paper in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America found that underwater noise off the Vancouver coast was half as loud in April as the loudest sounds recorded in the months preceding the shipping traffic slowdown. Chronic underwater ocean noise had been rising over the past few decades, to the detriment of marine life that have evolved to use sound to navigate their world. “There is clear evidence that noise compromises hearing ability and induces physiological and behavioral changes in marine animals,” reads an assessment of marine noise pollution research published in the journal Science in February. Richard Shucksmith/Barcroft Im/Barcroft Media via Getty Images A humpback whale seen near Shetland Islands, Scotland, December 2016. The majority of ocean noise pollution is a byproduct of economic activity. But compared with massively complex issues like climate change, noise is relatively easy to turn down, at least a little. Silencing it at its source has an immediate positive impact: Famously, researchers studying right whales on the East Coast measured a drop in the animals’ stress hormones in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, after shipping traffic abruptly dropped. Even tiny fish larvae are better able to locate the coral reefs where they were born, which themselves emit sound, when the oceans get quiet. Man-made ocean noise has since ramped back up and is now stabilized near pre-pandemic levels. But it fell silent for long enough last March, April, and May that a global team of scientists is actively scrubbing through audio recordings gathered by around 230 non-military hydrophones — underwater microphones — that monitor ocean noise around the world. They aim to study the “year of the quiet ocean” in the context of ocean sounds before, during, and after the pandemic. 2) A new study found that the Amazon is likely warming — not cooling — the planet The world’s largest and most species-rich tropical forest, the Amazon, is home to billions of trees that not only provide refuge to a diverse assemblage oforganisms but also store and absorb a huge amount of carbon dioxide. That’s what makes the conclusion of a study published this spring so alarming: Due to human activity, the Amazon is likely contributing to — not offsetting, as one might expect— global warming. “The current net biogeochemical effect of the Amazon Basin is most likely to warm the atmosphere,” the researchers wrote in the paper. Tarso Sarraf/AFP via Getty Images A deforested region of the Amazon in the municipality of Melgaco, Para State, Brazil on July 30, 2020. While the Amazon is still absorbing loads of CO2, human activities in the basin, such as deforestation, are driving up emissions of CO2 and other more potent greenhouse gases like methane and nitrous oxide across the basin. Deforestation, for one, deals a double punch: It both releases gases into the atmosphere and removes CO2-absorbing trees from the equation. That equation now sees the Amazon generating more greenhouse gases than it emits, the study suggests. (It’s worth noting, though, this is all really complicated. For more, check out Craig Welch’s story in National Geographic or read the full study here.) 3) We discovered a bunch of new species While humans have made a mark on all corners of Earth, we’ve only discovered a small fraction of the species that occupy it. In fact, that fraction could be smaller than 1 percent. And remarkably, not all of those species are tiny microbes and insects. They’re also fish, lizards, bats, and even whales. That’s right: Even giant mammals can elude scientists. In January, researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said they discovered a new species of baleen whale in the Gulf of Mexico. (You can find the paper describing the discovery here.) Other teams of scientists are also on the trail of what could be yet another new whale species. AP/Frank Glaw Brookesia nana, a recently discovered species of chameleon native to northern Madagascar. Last year, researchers documented scores of new plants and animals, from geckos and sea slugs to flowering plants and sand dollars, as Vox’s Brian Resnick reported. Our favorite? Brookesia nana, a thumbnail-sized chameleon native to northern Madagascar. It may be the smallest reptile on Earth; it’s certainly the cutest. 4) We got a much clearer picture of just how much wildlife we’re losing The numbers aren’t good. In September, the World Wildlife Fund published a report showing that the global populations of several major animal groups, including mammals and birds, have declined by almost 70 percent in the last 50 years due to human activity. A separate report, published in Nature this year, found that populations of ocean sharks and rays have plummeted by more than 70 percent in roughly the same period. And one-third of freshwater fish have been found to be at risk of extinction. Alexis Rosenfeld/Getty Images Two gray reef sharks swim over a coral reef in Gambier Archipelago, French Polynesia, on February 19, 2018. A number of species were also declared extinct over the last year. Those include the smooth handfish, a bottom-dweller that rests atop human-like appendages on the seafloor. It was the first marine fish species to be declared extinct in modern history. (Environmental journalist John Platt has a list of recent extinctions in 2020 at Scientific American.) 5) Protecting plants and animals hinges on a thriving ecotourism industry In the early days of the pandemic, the popular “Nature is healing” meme overshadowed a darker reality in many parts of the world: As travel ground to a halt, so did revenue from wildlife tourism, putting some wildlife conservation efforts at risk. The fallout was most severe in Africa. According to a new collection of research from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a government and civil society group, more than half of the continent’s protected areas had to pause or limit field patrols and other operations to stop poachers in the wake of the pandemic. “Parks have emptied out to a large extent and there’s no money coming in,” Nigel Dudley, a co-author of one of the IUCN papers, told Reuters last month. Roger de la Harpe/Universal Images Group via Getty Images A mountain gorilla in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda. Some communities are deeply reliant on wildlife tourism. Late last year, Vox’s Brian Resnick spoke to veterinarian Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, who is working to keep coronavirus-susceptible gorillas alive in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. When tourism dropped, “everybody was struggling,” she said. “The local economy suffered and poaching went up.” (You can read more of Resnick’s conversation with her here.) 6) Researchers uncovered more proof that a key system of ocean currents is weakening Graphics that show changes in ocean temperature over time generally reveal one trend: The ocean is heating up. But there’s one critical exception. Just below Greenland lies a large patch of water that’s cooling off. And that patch has scientists concerned that we could be nearing a tipping point for the climate. The cold patch, scientists say, signals that a network of currents that bring warm water to the North Atlantic — known as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, or AMOC — is slowing down, and the melting of ice on Greenland is likely a culprit. One paper, published in the journal Nature in March, suggests that the current AMOC slowdown is “unprecedented in over a thousand years.” NASA Goddard Ocean surface currents between June 2005 and December 2007. The AMOC shapes weather across multiple continents, so any major slowdown will carry major consequences that could include faster sea-level rise in some regions, stronger hurricanes, and other changes in weather, to say nothing of the impacts to marine ecosystems. But to be clear, the science on this is new and complex. For a great run-down, check out this recent visual feature in the New York Times. 7) The asteroid that killed the dinosaurs gave rise to the Amazon rainforest The massive asteroid that struck Earth 66 million years ago may be best known for driving non-avian dinosaurs to extinction, but it also transformed entire ecosystems. It may have even given rise to the Amazon rainforest, according to a study published in Scienceearlier this month. The finding is based on an analysis of about 50,000 fossil pollen records and 6,000 fossil leaf records in Colombia from before and after the asteroid crashed into what is now Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. The data reveals two vastly different forests. Before the event, the forests were stocked with conifers and ferns, and the trees were spread out, with plenty of room for light to stream through the canopy. After the asteroid event, however, flowering plants started to dominate the landscape and the canopy became much more tightly packed, resembling the forest we know today. Getty Images The Amazon rainforest in Belém, Brazil. “If you returned to the day before the meteorite fall, the forest would have an open canopy with a lot of ferns, many conifers, and dinosaurs,” study co-author Carlos Jaramillo of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama told New Scientist. “The forest we have today is the product of one event 66 million years ago.” The idea here is that the asteroid impact somehow triggered a series of events that led to the modern Amazon rainforest. What were those events? One theory the researchers offer is that, before the asteroid, herbivorous dinosaurs prevented the forest from becoming dense by eating and trampling plants. 8) A review of more than 300 studies showed that the rate of deforestation is lower on Indigenous lands The globalconservation movement is pushing forward a plan to conserve 30 percent of the Earth by 2030 — an initiative known as 30 by 30 — and increasingly calling for Indigenous communities to be central to that effort. These groups have historically been uprooted from land in the name of wildlife conservation. There is also greater evidence that forests fare better when they are governed by Indigenous and tribal territories. Johan Ordonez/AFP via Getty Images In Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere Reserve, members of the local community harvest and sell palm fronds of the xate plant, which are used in flower arrangements. A recent UN review of more than 300 studies found that forests within tribal territories in Latin America and the Caribbean have significantly lower rates of deforestation where land rights are formally recognized. “In just about every country in the region Indigenous and tribal territories have lower deforestation rates than other forest areas,” wrote the authors of the report, which was published by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization and the Fund for the Development of Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean. “Many Indigenous territories prevent deforestation as effectively as non-Indigenous protected areas, and some even more effectively.” 9) Wildfire smoke can turn the sky an apocalyptic orange If there was one day in 2020 that defined the climate emergency, it could have been September 9, when the sky above San Francisco turned completely orange. Jessica Christian/The San Francisco Chronicle via Getty Images Smoke from wildfires turned the sky above San Francisco orange on September 9, 2020. Strong winds had carried smoke from fires burning across California to the atmosphere above the city. Particles of soot absorbed or reflected blue light from the sun, letting only orange-ish light through. (Wired has the details.) But what made the image go viral wasn’t so much the science but what it symbolized: a growing climate catastrophe. Climate change is making wildfires more frequent and severe, and 2020 provided more devastating evidence. Last year was California’s worst wildfire season on record. By the end of the year, nearly 10,000 fires had burned over 4 million acres — an astonishing 4 percent of California’s total land, according to the state. 10) Scientists finally solved the mystery of why wombats poop cubes Sure, it may not have kept you up at night, but the mystery of the bare-nosed wombat’s poop puzzled scientists for decades. Why do these adorable, chunky marsupials, native to Australia and Tasmania, leave behind feces with six sides? Thanks to a new study — published in the journal Soft Matter — we now have the answer. Getty Images Cube-shaped wombat poop in Kosciuszko National Park in Australia. Building on research published a few years earlier, a team of scientists found that wombat intestines have regions of varying thickness and elasticity that contract at different speeds: The stiffer regions contract relatively quickly, while softer sections squeeze more slowly, together forming a cube-like shape. But there’s still a bit of mystery left: Whyis their poop shaped like this? The jury’s still out, but some researchers believe it’s because wombats climb up on rocks and logs, and the cube-like shape prevents the feces from rolling away. This is key for wombats because they use piles of feces to communicate with other wombats. What a difference a year makes, truly.
John Kerry Says U.S., China Could Go to Zero Emissions and Still Not Solve Climate Crisis
"This is the single biggest multilateral, global negotiation that the world has ever needed," Kerry said on Wednesday.
U.S. Navy Warship Shadows China Aircraft Carrier in Video
Videos captured from a Chinese fishing vessel showed a likely U.S. Navy warship tracking China's aircraft carrier Liaoning as it conducted operational drills in the South China Sea last week.
Duffer Brothers on inspiration behind Netflix's "Stranger Things"
Netflix said Wednesday that nine new episodes of "Stranger Things" will debut next year. The sci-fi series is one of the most talked about shows of the summer. Set in the 1980s, "Stranger Things" is the brain child of 32-year-old Matt and Ross Duffer, twin brothers from North Carolina. Jamie Wax reports.
Twin pandas born at Zoo Atlanta
Giant panda Lun Lun gave birth to twins at the Zoo Atlanta on Saturday. They are the first giant pandas to be born in the U.S. this year. Giant pandas in the wild have been upgraded from "endangered" to "vulnerable," thanks to a rebounding population in their native China.
Vaccines offer a shot at normalcy — and force tough conversations — in MLB
MLB is learning that widespread vaccination is not as linear a process as it may seem — or as unpolarizing a suggestion as some might hope.
Is "edible sunscreen" effective?
Doctors say people need year-round protection from the sun's harmful rays, not just during summer. But will the hot trend of edible sunscreens make it easier to stay safe, from the inside out? Dermatologist Dr. Jeanine Downie joins "CBS This Morning" to explain how it works.
Pelosi: "Too much is being made of" Clinton email investigation
After a seven-week recess, Congressional lawmakers returns to Washington Tuesday to tackle stalemates (and partisan fights) that have been on hold for the summer. House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi joins "CBS This Morning" to offer a preview of what Congress will be doing in the weeks before Election Day.
World Leaders React to Derek Chauvin's Murder, Manslaughter Convictions
The killing of George Floyd has had global significance, sparking protests across the world and a debate about race relations.
President Obama downplays China arrival incident
From the start, President Obama's G-20 trip was marked by an awkward opening moment by Chinese officials. The president was forced to deplane from the belly of Air Force One Saturday after Chinese officials didn't provide a rolling stair case for him at the airport. Margaret Brennan reports on how the incident is symbolic of the increasingly-tense relationship between the two superpowers.
‘The View’: After Derek Chauvin Guilty Verdict, George Floyd’s Brother Says All Officers Involved “Need To Be Doing Time”
"My brother is doing time in the ground and they all need to be doing time in the cell," Philonise Floyd said.
NYC’s iconic towers are reopening with new luxe perks
They’re back! From Rockefeller Center to the World Trade Center, the iconic building’s that give the New York City skyline its sex appeal are welcoming back visitors with new renovations, health and safety upgrades and fresh aesthetics. Here’s what you can expect when you return to work. Making an entrance What was old is new...
George Floyd’s brother Philonise recounts moment he heard Derek Chauvin verdict
George Floyd’s brother on Wednesday recounted the moment he watched a judge convict ex-cop Derek Chauvin for killing his sibling. “I hear, ‘guilty,’ and then I heard some more numbers, and I hear, ‘guilty’ again, and I said, ‘Lord, please let it be another,’ and I hear ‘guilty’ again, and I was excited,” Philonise Floyd...
Dana White indicates Colby Covington will get welterweight title shot after UFC 261
It appears playing the waiting game could pay off for Colby Covington.       Related StoriesKamaru Usman: Jorge Masvidal should thank me for gifting UFC 261 title rematchRonda Rousey announces pregnancy: 'Baddest baby on the planet coming to you soon'Video: How would Israel Adesanya vs. Robert Whittaker rematch play out?
Why FDA is banning antibacterial ingredients from soap
Public health experts applaud a new FDA ban on chemicals in many antibacterial soaps. The government is targeting 19 ingredients found in soaps and body washes, saying they could do more harm than good. Companies have one year to remove the chemicals or take the products off store shelves. Dr. David Agus joins "CBS This Morning" from Los Angeles to discuss the ruling.
Man in North Carolina fatally shot while deputies served warrant, authorities say
A man was fatally shot while deputies were serving a warrant Wednesday morning in the North Carolina community of Elizabeth City, the Pasquotank County Sheriff's Office said.
Arizona House passes bill that would stop some voters from automatically receiving mail-in ballots
The GOP-led Arizona House on Tuesday passed legislation that would make changes to the mail-in voting process in the state, including stopping some voters from automatically receiving ballots.
Suspect's tip leads to remains of missing boy from 1989 Minn. cold case
Eleven-year-old Jacob Wetterling was abducted from St. Joseph, Minnesota, in 1989. Danny Heinrich, a person of interest in the boy's kidnapping, helped investigators find Wetterling. He's in jail on child pornography charges. Jamie Yuccas reports from St. Joseph, a community seeking closure.
Leibovich on optics of Clinton email controversy, Trump minority outreach
New York Times Magazine chief national correspondent and CBS News political contributor Mark Leibovich joins "CBS This Morning" from Washington to discuss the latest news from the campaign trail.
The Derek Chauvin guilty verdict is a huge outlier
A protester holds up a “guilty” sign outside the courthouse in Minneapolis on April 19, 2021, a day before former police officer Derek Chauvin was found guilty for the murder of George Floyd. | Kerem Yucel/AFP via Getty Images Police are almost never prosecuted for shootings or killings. It’s going to take a lot more than the guilty verdict against former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin to hold US law enforcement accountable. For one, guilty verdicts against police officers remain very rare. Police shooting data from Philip Matthew Stinson, a criminal justice expert at Bowling Green State University, shows police are almost never prosecuted, much less convicted, for killing someone. (The data only includes reports of shootings, not all police killings — so it doesn’t include Chauvin murdering George Floyd by kneeling on his neck — but it’s the most comprehensive we have.) Since 2005, less than 2 percent of fatal police shootings have led to charges of murder or manslaughter, with 140 police officers charged in total over 17 years. Out of those officers, only 44 have been convicted of any crime (plus 42 cases still pending), including those found not guilty of murder or manslaughter charges but convicted of a lesser charge like official misconduct. Just seven of those officers were convicted of murder. All in all, around 0.04 percent of fatal shootings result in a murder conviction. Some of these police shootings are legally justified — involving a suspect who genuinely posed a threat or other circumstances in which an officer was legally allowed to use lethal force. But the number of officers prosecuted, Stinson previously told me, “seems extremely low to me. … In my opinion, it’s got to be that more of the fatal shootings are unjustified.” The public has seen that in recent years, as several high-profile police killings of Black people haven’t led to convictions or even charges, including Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, Freddie Gray, Philando Castile, and Breonna Taylor. A confluence of policy, law, and culture comes together during investigations into police killings to protect officers. The people investigating the officer are usually police themselves — with institutional incentives, such as the “blue wall of silence,” to protect their own from a criminal charge or conviction. Prosecutors, who work closely with police on a daily basis on their other cases, have incentives to not aggravate their important colleagues in blue. And the public, who make up the juries that convict officers, generally see police as heroes and don’t want to question their judgment, especially in tense, possibly life-or-death situations. For accountability to happen, all of that has to change. Every actor in this system, from the public to police to prosecutors to judges, has to work to hold law enforcement accountable for serious crimes. Officers have to know that they will get in trouble for violating the law — that other people in the system won’t protect them simply because they are police. “What would deter [officers] is seeing many other officers go to prison,” Stinson said. “That’s what it takes.” The guilty verdict against Chauvin may represent a start toward that level of accountability. But perhaps not; this case was such an extreme outlier in so many ways, from the disturbing video to the bipartisan condemnation of Chauvin’s actions, that what happened here likely can’t be generalized to other police killings. So that figure on officers convicted for murder after fatal shootings — 0.04 percent — lingers, remaining as relevant as ever. That means the next time a cop wrongly kills another person, chances are there will be no accountability.
SpaceX Crew-2 flight delayed to Friday due to weather
NASA announced on Wednesday that its highly-anticipated SpaceX Crew-2 launch to the International Space Station is delayed.