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Lawyer thinks Jeffrey Epstein did a 'cost-benefit analysis and thought he'd be better off dead'

Alan Dershowitz believes Jeffrey Epstein killed himself at Metropolitan Correctional Center in New York last Saturday because 'he didn't want to spend the rest of his life in prison'.
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Giants vs. Bills prediction, line: This is a much better spot for Big Blue
NFL games are all about matchups and skill sets. The New York Giants were predictably throttled by the Dallas Cowboys, losing by 18 points on the road in Week 1, but are back home against a completely different type of team in the Buffalo Bills this Sunday. Dallas won a playoff game last season and...
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New York Post
Here’s what happened in the impact crater the day it did in the dinos
Rock core allows researchers to create an incredible timeline.
Ars Technica
Andrew McCarthy: Why it's unlikely the McCabe grand jury voted against indictment
In coverage of the Andrew McCabe investigation, there seems to be a lot of adding two plus two and coming up with five.
Politica
This $11 public speaking course can help you conquer your fears
Chances are, you probably won’t have to give many public speeches throughout your lifetime. But when those rare occasions come up – and they will – it pays to be prepared. Rather than suffer through stomach aches, sweaty palms, and several trips to the bathroom any time you have to give a presentation, do yourself...
New York Post
NY schools first to have 'red flag' petition power on guns
Schools across New York began the academic year last week with a new tool intended to prevent student suicides or violence
ABC News: Top Stories
10 free audiobook sites for discovering your next literary obsession
Great literature is closer than you think, and you don't even need to visit a bookstore or pick up your e-reader to find it. If you haven't got time to sit down with a book — or if you just like being read to — check out one of these sites, which allow access to thousands of free audiobooks. There's the perfect one for you in the mix!  1Loyal Books In the past, you might have known Loyal Books as Books Should Be Free (amen to that). The site offers free audiobooks from a multitude of genres, from adventure and romance to science fiction and historical fiction. Users can download titles from Loyal Books to be listened to via an MP3 file or through the Apple Podcasts app, or to stream on an RSS feed. The site offers content in 28 languages, from Ancient Greek to Urdu, not including multilingual titles. Volunteers from the site itself, or from Project Gutenberg and Librivox, which are listed below, digitize public domain books to make them accessible in the Loyal Books library. Read more...More about Spotify, Audiobooks, Entertainment, Streaming Services, and Books
Mashable
5 early NFL surprises that we think are flukes
Scott R. Galvin-USA TODAY Sports The Broncos’ pass rush has been MIA, Andy Dalton is lighting it up, and the Baker Mayfield-OBJ pairing lacks spark ... for now. It’s Week 2 in the NFL, which means it’s time for everybody to panic and shotgun-blast definitive predictions based on what they saw in the season openers. Right now, all opinions for the 2019 season are premature (including ours!), but we’re still going to decide which early outcomes are the exception rather than the rule. Was it a fluke that the Browns came out and looked like ... the Browns? Is Baker Mayfield going to struggle in his second season, or will he pick things up next game? Is Dalvin Cook a superstar now, or were the Falcons just Falconing? Was Case Keenum actually being remote controlled by some better quarterback, or is he actually somehow good now? These are just some of the many questions we have after the first week and change of the the new season. Some, we might even have potential answers for. Here are five things that have happened so far that we think are flukes. Surprise: The Broncos’ lack of pass rush Why it’s a fluke: In our season predictions, I listed Bradley Chubb as the guy who would win Defensive Player of the Year. It still kind of blows my mind that the rest of the NFL allowed Von Miller and Chubb to wind up on the same team. I feel like Chubb is right on the cusp of breaking out and dominating the NFL. And I’m not too concerned with how things played out in Week 1, which was ... poorly. The Broncos lost, while allowing the Raiders’ offense to operate without Derek Carr being sacked — or hit — a single time. The Broncos didn’t get to Carr once, and neither Chubb nor Miller was credited with a tackle for loss. This is absolutely the last team in the NFL I’d expect to say that about, and it’s because of that expectation (or lack thereof) that I’m calling this one a fluke. The Raiders have definitely worked on improving their offensive line, and Carr got his throws out quickly. But Chubb, Miller, and the rest of the Broncos’ defensive front — not to mention Vic Fangio’s defensive mind — are too good for that last as the season progresses. — James Brady Surprise: The Falcons’ lifeless offense Why it’s a fluke: Matt Ryan is one of the best quarterbacks in the NFL, but he didn’t play like it against the Vikings. In his underrated 2018 season, he threw for 4,924 yards, 35 touchdowns, and just seven interceptions. In his first game of 2018, he was picked off twice, including his first pass of the game. The Falcons’ offense struggled to move the ball until they were down 28-0 late, finally scoring with 9 minutes left and then again with just over a minute remaining to lose 28-12. Devonta Freeman finished with just 19 yards on eight carries and lost a fumble. Julio Jones caught a touchdown pass, but he only hauled in six of his 11 targets for 31 yards. Falcons fans shouldn’t be too concerned about the performance of the offense, though. They had three terrible turnovers, but Ryan’s track record is too strong and Atlanta’s offense just has too much talent for this to be a trend moving forward. (The defense is another story — the Vikings only had to throw the ball 10 times!) They’ll be fine on that side of the ball, and so will the former MVP. — Charles McDonald Surprise: Andy Dalton, NFL passing yards leader Why it’s a fluke: Dalton might be 2019’s FitzMagic, but that’s it. The Bengals didn’t look like much coming into 2019. While they’d fired longtime coach Marvin Lewis, their fresh start relied heavily on bringing unreliable performers like Bobby Hart and Tyler Eifert back into the fold. With A.J. Green stuck in a walking boot, the outlook was grim for the Cincinnati offense. And then Andy Dalton threw for a league-high 418 yards against the Seahawks. Granted, it took him 51 passes to get there, but it was a still an efficient and powerful performance for a player who missed a good chunk of 2018 due to injury. Dalton thrived under new head coach Zac Taylor’s guidance. So did former first-round wideout John Ross, who had seven catches for 158 yards and a pair of touchdowns. That’s great, but it’s in no way sustainable. Ross’ previous career highs before last Sunday were three catches and 52 yards. His breakout game in Seattle was every bit as attributable to the failings of the Seahawks’ secondary as to his route running. Another touchdown for John Ross!@andydalton14 ➡️ @WatchJRoss. 55-yard @Bengals TD! #SeizeTheDEY #CINvsSEA : CBS: NFL app // Yahoo Sports appWatch on mobile: https://t.co/PoZiStO3mL pic.twitter.com/0Rlr91Bz9N— NFL (@NFL) September 8, 2019 He won’t be able to catch opponents sleeping after that Week 1 explosion. While Dalton can turn to 1,000-yard wideout Tyler Boyd if Ross regresses, the rest of his wideout room is pretty limited until Green returns to the field. Dalton had never thrown for 400+ yards in his career before Week 1. Green, Boyd, and a leveled-up Ross can get him there again this fall — but it’ll take a while, and he’s going to need another team with a tissue-soft secondary to get there. — Christian D’Andrea Surprise: The Jaguars’ poor defensive showing Why it’s a fluke: Loading up defensively with players like Jalen Ramsey, Calais Campbell, and Yannick Ngakoue has given Jacksonville with a top-five defense the last couple years. It was the reason the Jaguars made it as far as the AFC Championship in the 2017 season. They sure didn’t look good defensively in Week 1, though. The Jaguars gave up 40 points, 491 yards of total offense, and finished with zero sacks or turnovers. On the other hand, it was the Chiefs — a team that averaged 35.3 points and 425.6 yards per game in 2018. If other teams on the Jaguars’ schedule are licking their chops at the prospect of lighting up the secondary the way Patrick Mahomes did, they’re probably not going to be so fortunate. The Jaguars are still stacked with playmakers on that side of the ball and should bounce back just fine. They’re too talented not to. — Adam Stites Surprise: The Baker Mayfield + Odell Beckham Jr. duo wasn’t very fun Why it’s a fluke: Despite what Gregg Williams says, Odell Beckham Jr. is one of the NFL’s most dynamic players. Pairing him up with a hotshot young quarterback, and a head coach whose offense was tailor-made for big plays, seemed like a free fireworks show every week. Things started off so promising too: Odell Beckham's first catch as a Cleveland Brown was a good one pic.twitter.com/PNIsh9hzzH— Christian D'Andrea (@TrainIsland) September 8, 2019 After that? Meh. While Beckham was the Browns’ leading receiver, his seven-catch, 71-yard day was average for him and, frankly, kinda boring. No touchdowns. No one-handed grabs. No kicking net proposals. Mayfield zeroed in on his new No. 1 wideout a little too much, targeting him 11 times and looking like he was try to force the connection — or a play. Things should be able to come along naturally, though. Beckham didn’t play at all in the preseason due to a hip injury and likely still isn’t at full strength. Mayfield had little protection from an offensive line whose starting left tackle was ejected. Both players should be motivated after their lackluster Week 1 performances, especially because they tend to feed off their haters. And if anything could help their chemistry, it’s teaming up to get revenge on Williams, a coach Beckham accused of purposely trying to injure him. As for Mayfield, we already know how much he likes to get back at former coaches. Week 2 against the Jets could be the real beginning of a beautiful friendship. — Sarah Hardy
Sports News, Scores and Fan Opinion Powered by 320 Sports Blogs
Will We Ever Get Multi-day Battery Life on the Apple Watch?
Yesterday we got a glimpse at the Apple Watch Series 5. While it boasts a new LTPO screen and some software updates, one thing that hasn’t changed is its 18-hour, “all-day” battery life.Read more...
Gizmodo - We come from the future.
The Best iPad Drawing Apps for Every Kind of Artist (2019)
With these apps, your Apple Pencil might actually replace your *real* pencils.
WIRED
New Electrics, New Laws, and Other Car News This Week
Automakers show off their latest in Frankfurt, and California lawmakers rewrite the rules of the road for Uber and Lyft.
WIRED
The Colonel Sanders Dating Sim Tops This Week's Internet News Roundup
Also: President Trump loses another national security adviser, a potential ban on e-cigarettes, and more.
WIRED
Piketty on the "Brahmin left" and the "merchant right"
Thomas Piketty, the French economist behind 2014's game-changing Capital in the 21st Century, has a new book, Capital and Ideology (out in France now, coming in English in 2020), which uses the same long-run economic series that Capital 21C benefited from to understand the relationship between wealth and ideology. Central to Piketty's thesis: that it's not enough to use class to understand how people vote -- you also have to take account of peoples' beliefs about class (this is a neat way of resolving the tension between traditional left class analysis and contemporary "identitarian" theories of leftist politics). In a very accessible slide deck from a 2019 presentation, Piketty explains this theory using long-run data-series from elections in the US, the UK and France. These data series show how our politics were transformed to the current situation, with nativist/authoritarian parties on the rise: * Initially, left parties represented low-education/low-opportunity workers, while right parties represented the capital and professional classes * Over time, left parties made progress in advancing opportunities for some low-income workers, and shifted to representing the interests of high-education, socially liberal elites, whom Piketty calls the "Brahmin left" * The right parties, meanwhile, became even more firmly entrenched in representing the interests of the "merchant right" * Both factions embraced globalism, migration, and dismantling of trade protections, including the social safety net that stood in the way of "global competitiveness," which left low-opportunity, low-education people in increasingly dire straits, pressed by lowering wages and reduced social safety nets * The Brahmin left largely abandoned its universalist/egalatarian platform in favor of a "meritocratic" one that joined the right parties in a semi-eugenic belief in some peoples' innate superiority (Piketty: "hard to have a platform promising a PhD for all") * The Brahmin left parties want to tax the merchant right at slightly higher levels to pay for operas and universities but are otherwise OK with globalism, attacks on trade unions, etc * Low-education/low-opportunity workers stop showing up at the polls: there's been a collapse in their participation in politics (this also made the two factions increasingly indifferent to their needs) * The merchant right has reactivated these voters by making nativist/racist appeals, blaming foreigners for their collapsing fortunes. Read the rest
Boing Boing - A Directory of Mostly Wonderful Things
No millennial bump for Buttigieg, but hints of broad appeal
Pete Buttigieg would like to turn the fight for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination into a contest about generational change
ABC News: Top Stories
Goodwin: It’s time for Joe Biden to drop out of the race
Asked recently why he was running for president, Joe Biden insisted to a reporter that burning ambition was not the reason. “Could I die happily not having heard ‘Hail to the Chief’ play for me?” Biden asked, then answered his own question by saying, “Yeah, I could.” That’s good to know because it will make...
New York Post
Britain's Liberal Democrats formally adopt 'Stop Brexit' policy
Britain's Liberal Democrats party on Sunday toughened its anti-Brexit stance, formally adopting a policy to cancel leaving the European Union if it wins power at a national election.
Reuters: Top News - powered by FeedBurner
Economy teetering on edge of recession as rates fall, analysts warn
Conventional wisdom has it that lower interest rates equal good news for borrowers — but that might not be the case in today’s economy. As the US interest rate falls, banks are ginning up policies that could pull the plug on American prosperity and possibly plunge the economy into a deep recession, according to some...
New York Post
Iran hardliners likely to gain from tensions over Aramco attacks
Iran distanced itself on Sunday from attacks on Saudi oil facilities but hardliners in Tehran might chalk the assaults up as a win against Washington's tougher policy toward the Islamic Republic, officials and analysts said.
Reuters: Top News - powered by FeedBurner
Aphex Twin review – wild lights, jungle buzzsaw and a boo for Boris
Printworks, LondonThe electronic music legend melted genres at breakneck speed in this peerless ambient-to-hardcore festival outing – to the delight of a young crowdWhen Printworks opened to much hurrah two years ago, it did so during a run of venue closures in London. It’s aesthetically impressive and has quickly become one of the best venues for large-scale electronic events, and so is ripe for an Aphex Twin brain-tickle – even if free earplugs, sadly, aren’t on offer. Although the musician has never relied on album cycles to draw in new audiences, it is striking how young the audience winding through Printworks is. As well as releasing around a dozen EPs in the past decade on his own label, Rephlex, and Warp, there was mass excitement about Richard David James’s “return” as an album artist in 2014, with the Grammy award-winning Syro – and the memorable flight of a neon-green blimp bearing the Aphex Twin logo over London. Along with the weight of his back catalogue and mythical status, what makes shows such as these sell out in minutes is Aphex Twin’s love of spectacle and keen support for new electronic artists. The former is a perfect fit for this, the Red Bull music festival’s high concept (and budget). In terms of the latter, he’s viewed as a switched-on father figure to younger artists and fans, his hybrid set blending new club tracks with live modular jams, his own music, and ripe selections of 90s UK hardcore. Continue reading...
US news | The Guardian
Suspect nabbed in deadly March stabbing of cab driver in the Bronx
Cops have collared a homeless man in the slaying of a for-hire driver in The Bronx more than six months after the 27-year-old was found fatally stabbed in his car. Malik Evans, 24, was arrested Sunday and charged with murder, attempted robbery and criminal possession of a weapon, according to the NYPD. Ganiou Gandonou was...
New York Post
Tropical Storm Humberto gains in strength, fire warnings issued in West
Tropical Storm Humberto is expected to strengthen over the next few days, likely becoming a Hurricane by late Sunday night or Early Monday, but is forecasted to make a sharp turn northeastward on Monday and avoid landfall with the United States. Humberto likely will become a Category 2 Hurricane by midweek and should do so in the open Atlantic Ocean. Humberto does seem to be traveling in the direction of Bermuda but it is unclear at this point what, if any, impact the storm will have on Bermuda later this week. Tropical Storm Humberto currently has winds of 60 mph this morning and is about 175 miles east of Cape Canaveral, Florida, moving NNW at 7 mph. Computer models still indicate that Humberto should stay well offshore with only a couple of outer bands perhaps making it to parts of the Southeast coast. As Humberto travels north parallel to the Southeast coast line, a frontal system from the north and west should help steer it away from the US Mainland and move it into the open...
ABC News: Top Stories
Climate change's costs by the numbers
When you tally it all up, the costs are likely to end up at three quarters of a trillion dollars or more. And that’s just for this decade.
NBC News - Breaking News & Top Stories - Latest World, US & Local News
Kamala Harris Was Ready to Brawl From the Beginning
In her first race, she defied her old boss, a fund-raising pledge — and the implication that she owed her career to her ex-boyfriend.
NYT > Home Page
UAW walkout turns up heat on GM as contract expires
Leaders of the United Auto Workers (UAW) turned up the pressure on General Motors Co on Sunday, ordering 850 maintenance workers at five GM facilities to walk off the job ahead of a meeting in Detroit on whether to call a wider strike.
Reuters: Top News - powered by FeedBurner
Rugby World Cup 2019: Poor discipline could cost England - Sir Clive Woodward
Poor discipline could be the only "chink" in England's chances of winning the Rugby World Cup, says former head coach Sir Clive Woodward.
BBC Sport - Sport
Biden to take on white supremacy in speech on race in America
Former Vice President Joe Biden plans to make his most expansive comments to date on the subject of race Sunday.
NBC News - Breaking News & Top Stories - Latest World, US & Local News
WSL: Pauline Bremer marks her WSL return with Man City goal
Pauline Bremer is back in style, as the German striker bends in a beauty to give Manchester City the lead against Reading in the Women's Super League.
BBC News - Home
Saudi oil attacks: Will fuel prices go up?
The BBC's Katie Prescott assesses whether drone strikes on Saudi oil facilities could affect consumers.
BBC News - Home
Most Americans say climate change should be addressed now – CBS News poll
Most Americans consider climate change to be at least a serious problem — including more than a quarter who say it is a crisis
CBS News - Breaking News, U.S., World, Business, Entertainment & Video
Most Americans think climate change contributes to extreme weather events
Most Americans say climate change is happening and believe it contributes at least some to many extreme weather conditions
CBS News - Breaking News, U.S., World, Business, Entertainment & Video
CBS News poll looks at young Americans views' on climate change
Most Americans of all ages think climate change is either a serious problem or a crisis
CBS News - Breaking News, U.S., World, Business, Entertainment & Video
Bournemouth v Everton: Premier League – live!
Live updates from the Vitality Stadium, 2pm (BST) kick-offChampions League is back – but don’t expect a fast startFeel free to email Will or tweet @Will_Unwin your thoughts 1.20pm BST We have some correspondence from the delightful Gary Naylor ...I know nothing is more likely to turn Dominic Calvert-Lewin into er... Tammy Abraham like this tweet @Will_Unwin, but he has played 79 PL games for 11 goals and seems, if anything, to be even less confident a finisher than when he started. Trying hard can only get you so far. 1.17pm BST Speaking of Wilsons, here is our very own Jonathan on the Champions League and why it is rubbish (until February). Related: Champions League is back – but don’t expect a real match until February | Jonathan Wilson Continue reading...
US news | The Guardian
Tottenham v Liverpool: Women's Super League – live!
Live updates from The Hive, kick-off 2pm (BST)Zidanesque: roulette round the keeper for stunning goalFeel free to email Alex or tweet @A_Hess 1.18pm BST Tottenham: Spencer, Neville, Godfrey, Filbey, Worm, Percival, Peplow, Furness, Ayane, Davison, Graham. Subs: Morgan, Schillaci, Wynne, Green, Haines, Dean, Quinn.Liverpool: Preuss, Jane, Bradley-Auckland, Fahey, Robe, Bailey, Rodgers, Charles, Lawley, Clarke, Sweetman-Kirk. Subs: Kitching, Purfield, Hodson, Babajide, Linnett 1.15pm BST The Hive will witness history being made today when Liverpool visit the capital for the first ever meeting between these two sides. It’s a game they’ll both be rather more desperate to win than they’d like: both slumped to 1-0 opening-day defeats, Liverpool felled at home by Reading – and a former member of their ranks in Fara Williams – while newly promoted Spurs battled gallantly in front of a bumper crowd at Chelsea but were outplayed and ultimately beaten. Just as well, then, that this afternoon presents both with the opportunity to go some way to rectifying that. And both will rightly fancy their chances: Spurs playing their first game at their new home ground against an eminently beatable Reds side, Liverpool bolstered by a handful of summer signings – most notably Melissa Lawley from Manchester City – who give the visitors the edge on paper. Continue reading...
US news | The Guardian
'Americans are waking up': two thirds say climate crisis must be addressed
Major CBS News poll released as part of Covering Climate Now, a collaboration of more than 250 news outlets around the world to strengthen coverage of the climate storyTwo-thirds of Americans believe climate change is either a crisis or a serious problem, with a majority wanting immediate action to address global heating and its damaging consequences, major new polling has found. Continue reading...
US news | The Guardian
Woman who dreamed she ate her engagement ring has surgery after she actually did
A San Diego woman has had surgery after dreamed she was forced to eat her engagement ring woke up to discover that she had actually eaten it. Jenna Evans was deep asleep on Tuesday night when she dreamed that her and her fiancé, Bobby, were on a high-speed train facing off with “bad guys” and during the fight Bobby told her she had to swallow her engagement ring to protect it from them, she told ABC San Diego affiliate station KGTV. When she woke up, however, she saw that the ring was gone and immediately knew what had happened. "When I woke up and it was not on my hand, I knew exactly where it was," Evans said. "It was in my stomach." Evans and her fiancé’s fears were confirmed after she got an X-ray at Urgent Care. The silhouette of the ring was clearly there right in the middle of her stomach. Things took a turn when she could feel the ring in her stomach and it started becoming painful for her. So, rather than let the ring pass through her organs naturally, the doctor...
ABC News: Top Stories
Kids with money and privilege more likely to binge drink
Many parents believe that if they make a lot of money, their kids will have a better life; but when it comes to binge drinking, the more money you have, the more susceptible your kids may be
CBS News - Breaking News, U.S., World, Business, Entertainment & Video
'People have lost faith': support for Labour ebbs away in Blair's Sedgefield
Brexit and Corbyn mean party cannot count on traditional vote in former PM’s old constituencyThere are many in Sedgefield who did much for Tony Blair during his 24 years as MP for the County Durham constituency. But it was only Stephen Elliott who agreed to sacrifice his spare bedroom window for the then prime minister, his neighbour in the former mining village of Trimdon Colliery.“When George Bush landed his helicopter here in 2003, I let the American secret service take over the back bedroom. They took the glass out and had snipers up there when the president and his wife went in to see Tony and Cherie,” said the 60-year-old builder as he ate sausage and mash in his garden on Thursday. Continue reading...
US news | The Guardian
Two big surprises from Texas
CNN Opinion commentators weighed in on Beto O'Rourke and Julian Castro's performance in the Democratic presidential debate, vaping, John Bolton's departure, Felicity Huffman's sentence and the prospect of a female James Bond.
Sport
Opinion: Two big surprises from Texas
It was a raw, visceral moment at last week's Democratic debate when Beto O'Rourke discussed the human toll of the massacre in his hometown of El Paso and vowed, "Hell, yes, we're going to take your AR-15, your AK-47."
CNN.com - RSS Channel
Analysis: Attack on Saudi oil field a game-changer in Gulf confrontation
The attack on the world's largest oil processing plant early Saturday morning is a dramatic escalation in the confrontation between Iran and Saudi Arabia -- even if the Iranians didn't fire the drones or missiles responsible.
CNN.com - RSS Channel
Rudi Gutendorf: World record-holding manager dies aged 93
Manager Rudi Gutendorf, who holds a Guinness World Record for coaching 55 teams in 32 countries across five continents, dies aged 93.
1 h
BBC Sport - Sport
David Ortiz breaks silence 3 months after shooting: "I almost died"
Red Sox legend speaks publicly for the first time about the shooting at a Dominican nightclub that seriously injured him three months ago
1 h
CBS News - Breaking News, U.S., World, Business, Entertainment & Video
'We Don't Want To Die': Women In Turkey Decry Rise In Violence And Killings
"Domestic violence never happens because there's a problem with the woman. The men are killing. They are the problem," says a rights activist in Istanbul.
1 h
News : NPR
A Single Thread by Tracy Chevalier review – hidden hurts and secret longings
A thirtysomething spinster looks for purpose and companionship in a bittersweet evocation of Britain after the great warJust twice in Tracy Chevalier’s bittersweet new novel does its heroine, Violet Speedwell, think to herself: “I want to do that.” Her wishes are self-sacrificing enough: to embroider a kneeler in Winchester Cathedral and to ring its bells. Given that the year is 1932, the first is more easily realised than the second, yet both, in their way, are radical.Don’t be fooled by the ecclesiastical backdrop. For Violet, who lost first her fiance and then a brother to the trenches, God died in the great war. More than 16 years have since passed but only now, as a 38-year-old spinster, has she finally plucked up the nerve to leave behind her overbearing mother and their Southampton home and make a life of her own. Continue reading...
1 h
US news | The Guardian
Save over 25% on this open source portable gaming console
On the one hand, nostalgia is "a corruption of the historical impulse," according to William Gibson. On the other hand, "Super Mario Bros." will never not be cool. Luckily, there's a way to satisfy that retro gaming while still keeping an eye on the future: The GameShell Kit. This thing is simultaneously the last handheld console you'll ever need and the potential first step into a limitless world of indie gaming and maker culture. It's embedded, open-source GNU/LINUX operating system comes pre-installed with Cave Story, Freedom and more, but can be used to play old-school hits from the NES, Atari, Game Boy, PS1 - you name it. Just hop on to PICO8, LOVE2D or one of several game engines and take your pick of the classics. And that's just for starters. You can use ClockworkPi to mod your favorite games or fully create new ones. You can even use the customizable keypad on the GameShell as a mini-computer or controller for your own projects. After you get hold of this, any other handheld won't just seem retro - it'll be downright obsolete. Originally priced at $199, you can now get the GameShell Kit: Open Source Portable Game Console for 28% off at $142.99. Read the rest
1 h
Boing Boing - A Directory of Mostly Wonderful Things
Dear Care and Feeding: I’ve Got Two Small Kids. Should I Tough Out a Trip to a Family Wedding I’m Dreading?
Parenting advice on traveling with little kids, chores, and pre-worrying about kids.
1 h
Slate Articles
Fitbit Versa 2 Review: Still Not An Apple Watch
The latest iteration of Fitbit's popular smartwatch is still useful, if flawed.
1 h
WIRED
Physicists Finally Nail the Proton’s Size, and Hope Dies
A new measurement seems to eliminate an anomaly that has captivated physicists for nearly a decade.
1 h
WIRED
The Military Origins of Layering
I used to think of layering as a timeless concept. The idea of wearing many light articles of clothing rather than a few heavy ones was everywhere: my brother’s Boys’ Life magazines, advertisements from my local outdoors store, my summer camp’s suggested packing list. But, like any way of dressing, layering had to be invented.In his 2005 memoir, Yvon Chouinard, the founder of Patagonia, claimed that his outdoor-clothing company, founded in 1973, was the first to bring the concept to the outdoors community. But the idea goes back further than that. Almost every American’s understanding of layering comes from the mid-century U.S. military.In 1943, the Quartermaster Corps—the branch of the U.S. Army charged with procuring uniforms, among many other essential logistics of war—introduced an experimental new uniform kit, which it named the M-43. The ensemble included a woolen undershirt, a long-sleeved, flannel shirt, and a sweater. But the star of the kit was a new field jacket, which was (somewhat confusingly) also called the M-43—a nine-ounce, tightly woven cotton sateen garment, drab olive in color, sporting big pockets on the chest and at the hips.Today, Americans need look no further than cotton T-shirts, cargo shorts, and camouflage to see how military styling has entered everyday life. But the M-43 jacket was not just a style. It also taught an idea to millions of Americans. Just as the military jeep brought four-wheel drive to the masses, so the M-43 made layering a civilian staple.[Read: The military origins of the cardigan]The designers intended the jacket to be used as the outer shell in different climates around the world—global outerwear for global war. In extreme cold, a soldier would pair the M-43 with multiple thin layers underneath. In warmer climates, he (the jacket was designed for men’s bodies) could keep the outer shell but peel off the other layers.The military did not invent layering. In the 19th century, home economists published research on managing body temperature, which in turn depended on understandings of dress that dated to centuries earlier. In just one example of nascent clothing science, Charlotte Gibbs argued in 1912 that “several layers of lightweight material are better than one layer of thick material.”Even though it didn’t create the concept, the Quartermaster Corps sought to build an R&D program to transform clothing into a technology. A former Harvard Business School professor, Georges Doriot, took charge of the Harvard Fatigue Lab research units that were modeled after the male-dominated field of industrial hygiene—the study of the body at work. Doriot considered the layers of the M-43 uniform to be as important as weapons and battle tactics to America’s military success. “The greatest enemy, besides what we normally call the enemy, is nature,” he explained during a 1946 congressional hearing.The military tested the new clothing assembly that would confront this natural enemy in a series of specialized research facilities, including the Cold Chamber, a 16-by-32-foot refrigerated room with a two-person treadmill and a snow machine. Military scientists adjusted temperatures, wind velocity, and treadmill speed to assess their effects on volunteer test subjects. One day, soldiers might be dressed in furs and mukluks as the scientists looked on through a large glass window. The next, the test subjects might be clad only in underwear in the cold. The soldiers’ skin temperatures, measured via sensors attached to various parts of their bodies, helped scientists assess the effectiveness of the outfits.A Desert Chamber and a Jungle Chamber used similar techniques to measure the performance of clothing and bodies in extreme heat and humidity. Doriot’s team also tested new ideas about uniforms with a human-size metal mannequin that it called the “Copper Man.” Like the human test subjects on the Cold Chamber treadmill, the mannequin might be dressed in any number of layers. He had heating elements inside so that his “skin” would mimic that of a human. Since he couldn’t speak for himself, thermocouples relayed data about changes in his “skin” temperature as his outfits changed. All of this research helped Doriot’s team understand how layers worked to trap air and prevent the loss of body heat, and these insights informed the design of the M-43.[Read: Big in Moscow: Combat chic]Military research reports—available in Doriot’s papers at the Library of Congress—confirmed that the jacket and its accompanying layers kept soldiers warm in weather as cold as 0 degrees Fahrenheit. The reports also suggested that the jacket system worked well in the rain. Moreover, the tight weave of its cotton fabric meant that it kept out cold blasts of air on windy days. But convincing other military officials and soldiers of its benefits took a concerted effort. For the M-43 layering system to work, soldiers had to know how to use it. So military experts developed a layering-education curriculum, which shows how the M-43 became both a popular style and a model for dressing according to scientific principles. During one 90-minute indoctrination class, soldiers listened to a lecture on how to stay alive in the cold and watched a demonstration of how to wear and adjust each item in the M-43 uniform assembly.In interviews conducted by the Quartermaster Corps, soldiers during the war said they liked the M-43, but not always for the reasons the scientists had expected they would. The soldiers cared as much about the look of the jacket as they did about its practical details, such as the length and pocket space. One soldier said, “This uniform makes us feel like soldiers. The old one didn’t.”Layering was familiar to outdoors enthusiasts long before Yvon Chouinard and Patagonia came along in the 1970s. In fact, earlier outdoor-industry professionals played an important role in proliferating the layering principle. L. L. Bean, Eddie Bauer, and Harold Hirsch (of Hirsch-Weis and its skiwear brand, White Stag) were among the many civilians who worked as wartime consultants on equipment and clothing design. After the war, they brought design innovations and clothing-science concepts from military research to civilian product lines at their eponymous companies. White Stag’s advertising campaigns, for example, proudly pointed to the military origins of its new civilian styles. The 1943 4-Season “Off-Duty” Jacket, featuring the big pockets and loose fit of the M-43—a “leisure jacket gone military!”—not only capitalized on the cachet of association with a victorious army, but also continued to spread the Army’s lessons on the science of dress to everyday American life.Hirsch reflected on the original olive jacket as a versatile and technically sophisticated innovation during an interview in the late ’80s, near the end of his life: “The soldier could be more active, more mobile, with light weight clothing” such as the M-43, he said.[Read: From powdered wigs to camouflage: the ever-changing style of the U.S. Army]Walk into a research facility at an outdoor-clothing manufacturer today, and you will find modern versions of the Cold Chamber and the Copper Man. Similarly, military R&D labs still rely on approaches to studying clothing and human bodies that were developed during World War II.The arrival of synthetic materials such as nylon further improved the function of layered clothing in wet, cold conditions. Gore-Tex, a waterproof and breathable synthetic laminate that hit the consumer market in 1976, offered what some considered a better alternative to cotton. But new fabrics and fibers only update the materials; the layering principle popularized by military science remains.The military shaped Americans’ sense of style in other ways, too. After demobilization, the historian Paul Fussell explains, veterans who had gotten used to “loose, highly informal” uniforms were primed to keep shifting men’s fashion toward casual wear. Out were the “trim fit and exaggerated shoulders” of the prewar period. Looking prepared to get one’s hands dirty, as a soldier might in an M-43 jacket, became more important than a tailored appearance.But the field jacket wasn’t a static symbol. In the 1960s and ’70s, for instance, antiwar protesters adopted a redesigned field jacket. On their bodies, the jacket questioned how masculinity and ideology might have led to the catastrophe unfolding in Vietnam. At the same time, outdoor recreationists were flocking to military-surplus stores to buy field jackets as a relatively affordable piece of their excursion ensembles.Their faith in the layering system was not inevitable. In World War II, every American general and combat soldier thought he was an expert on how to dress. If you’ve been hunting, or have a favorite type of shoe, “you think you know all about it,” Doriot explained to Congress in 1946. His research laboratories and education programs converted die-hard wool fans on the military front into layering’s early adopters. Without him, civilians might never have come to believe that layering was a natural ally in the war against the cold.
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