Végső búcsút vettek Konrád Györgytől - fotók

Vasárnap délután végső nyugalomra helyezték Konrád György Kossuth- és Herder-díjas írót, esszéistát, szociológust a Farkasréti zsidó temetőben.
Load more
Read full article on:
unread news
unread news (Demo user)
Outrage at Bar Offering Corona Beer Deals During Coronavirus Outbreak Caused by 'Snowflakes,' Says Owner
The House on the Hood bar in Hamilton, New Zealand, was accused of "shameful marketing" as it advertised a promotion on Corona beers linking it with the coronavirus.
8 m
How the Song About Dinosaurs Falling in Love That Everyone Is Falling in Love With Came to Be
On some occasions, there is a magical moment so pure and unexpected that it catapults a young star into the viral mix. This is such an occasion; if there’s one all-time great song destined to sweep the 2021 Grammys, it’s this ditty about the intimate connection between dinosaurs it takes the wonderment of a young…
8 m
Coronavirus: Americans Cheer As Evacuation Flight From Wuhan Reaches U.S.
"The whole plane erupted in cheers when the crew said, 'Welcome home to the United States,'" according to Alaska's Chief Medical Officer Dr. Anne Zink.
Oscars 2020: Where to watch and what to know about the Academy Awards
Ahead of the Oscars, here’s what you need to know.
Dad uses himself as human shield to save daughter from oncoming train
A dad in Egypt is being hailed by some as a real-life superhero for leaping onto train tracks to shield his daughter from an oncoming locomotive –but others are ripping him as “negligent” because he put her in a precarious position in the first place. The wild incident unfolded Monday in the city of Ismailia,...
Carmelo Anthony says last call to Kobe Bryant was about coaching Gianna
Carmelo Anthony recalled his final phone call with friend Kobe Bryant in which they bonded over him coaching his daughter Gianna’s basketball team. The Portland Trail Blazers shared his shock Tuesday night on Instagram over the former Los Angeles Lakers star’s horrific death in a helicopter crash, shortly after a phone call between them. “YOU...
7 top-rated air fryers that can make your game day menu even more delicious
For all your fried chicken wing needs this Sunday, we rounded up top-rated fryers that can make your game day party all the better.
William Shatner finalizes divorce from fourth wife, will keep majority of $100 million fortune: report
William Shatner has finalized his divorce from his fourth wife, Elizabeth, according to a new report.
Who or What Is Behind the Curtain of the Circle in The Circle?
If the Circle is human-run, it adds new dimensions to the show.
Space Traffic Is Surging, And Critics Worry There Could Be A Crash
As private companies race into orbit, some experts in satellite operations say there isn't enough public infrastructure to keep all the satellites safe.
Two more accusers expected to testify in Weinstein rape trial
Two women who have accused former Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein of sexual misconduct are expected to take the stand in his rape trial on Wednesday.
Social tipping points are the only hope for the climate
Climate action, one hopes. | Shutterstock A new paper explores how to trigger them. At this point, the targets enshrined in the Paris climate agreement — holding the rise in global average temperature to a maximum of 2 degrees Celsius, with efforts to limit to 1.5°C — are beyond the reach of incrementalism. If the world’s large economies had beguna slow, steady reduction in greenhouse gas emissionsback in the 1990s, it might have sufficed. But action has been delayed so long now that only rapid, radical change can still do the job. As I wrote in a somewhat gloomy post earlier this month, the world is not exactly filled with happy signs and portents these days. The chances of sudden, coordinated change in a positive direction seem ... slim. If there is any hope at all, it lies in the fact that social change is often nonlinear. Just as climate scientists warn of tipping points in biophysical systems, social scientists describe tipping points in social systems. Pressure can build beneath the surface over time, creating hairline fractures, until a precipitating incident triggers cascading changes that lead, often irreversibly, to a new steady state. (Think of the straw that broke the camel’s back.) It is less a matter of simple cause and effect than of emergent network effects that are unpredictable and somewhat mysterious even in retrospect. The idea of social tipping points has long provided comfort to climate hawks dismayed at the slow pace of action. Al Gore, for example, has invoked social tipping points for decades, forever predicting them just around the corner. I have written about the hope, or at least conditional optimism, they allow us. Al Gore thinks America is 'extremely close to a political tipping point' on climate change, @isaacdovere reports:— The Atlantic (@TheAtlantic) January 4, 2019 Still, the whole notion has remained mostly at the level of analogy and inspiration, with little in the way of concrete or actionable understanding. New research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS) — boasting 14(!) co-authors — attempts to remedy that. It constructs a framework for understanding social tipping points, the systems where they might do the most good on climate, and the kinds of interventions that might trigger them. It is a cogent contribution to a relatively fuzzy discussion. This topic badly needed some meat on its bones. On the other hand, relative to the enormous stakes involved, the paper just reveals how dreadfully thin and tenuous our knowledge of social tipping points is. We might be getting better at thinking and talking about them, but we still have only a glimmer of a clue about when they might happen or what might hasten them. We are groping in the dark. Let’s take a closer look at the research. PNAS Behold the power of the STIs. STPs, STEs, and STIs, oh my First, to define some key terms. The authors borrow a definition of “social tipping point” (STP) from this paper, to wit: It is a point within a social system at which a small quantitative change can trigger rapid, nonlinear changes “driven by self-reinforcing positive-feedback mechanisms, that inevitably and often irreversibly lead to a qualitatively different state of the social system.” As examples, the authors cite the writings of Martin Luther, which are alleged to have prompted a worldwide explosion of Protestant churches, and “the introduction of tariffs, subsidies, and mandates to incentivize the growth of renewable energy production,” which is said to have triggered exponential technology and cost improvementsin wind and solar.These examples are contestable at best — we will return to the lack of good historical precedents later. With that in mind, the authors set out to identify a set of social tipping elements (STEs), i.e., particular socio-technical-economic subsystems in which a meaningful amount of greenhouse gases are at stake. To qualify, the systems must share a singular characteristic: “A small change or intervention in the subsystem can lead to large changes at the macroscopic level and drive the system into a new basin of attraction, making the transition difficult to reverse.” Those small quantitative changes are social tipping interventions (STIs). There are two important qualifiers. The interventions must be able to tip the systems within the relevant time frame of 15 to 30 years, to match the schedule of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. And, by the way, “since abrupt social changes have historically often been associated with social unrest, war, or even collapse,” it would be preferable if the interventions produced “positive social tipping dynamics,” improving rather than reducing human welfare. (That’s quite the caveat!) Wikipedia The wrong kind of tipping point. So this is the only real hope for meeting the stated goals of climate policy: that small, targeted interventions can in turn trigger a cascade of bigger, faster changes in fossil fuel-based economies and cultures, within 30 years, and not inadvertently produce negative consequences. No problem! How does one identify STEs? There are no objective markers, no real empirical way of distinguishing a big system that is vulnerable to STIs from one that isn’t. So the researchers sent out a survey to 1,000 experts; 133 were filled out. After that, 16 of the experts were brought in for a workshop. Once the STEs were identified, the researchers conducted an exhaustive literature review on each one. (There are nine pages of text and 172 footnotes.) It is probably about the best you can do to formalize this process, but keep in mind that the root question here — which systems are most vulnerable to TPIs — comes down to the opinion of “experts” (mostly from the research community and from the Northern Hemisphere, as the researchers acknowledge). And since there are no real experts on tipping points, no reasonto think energy researchers have a better feel for them than anybody else, all we can really know we are learning about is a slice of educated opinion. With that caveat in mind, let’s look at the STEs the researchers identified and the STIs that might tip them. PNAS They’re social science researchers, not artists. The systems that must change rapidly to address climate change Sifting through the responses to their survey, the researchers looked for systems wherein a) a small change might precipitate larger cascading changes, b) in a positive direction, in a way that c) could reduce a substantial amount of greenhouse gas emissions. They found six. 1) The energy production system This is probably the obvious one, given who was asked and the centrality of energy to climate change. The goal of interventions in this system is pretty simple: to increase the financial returns on clean energy investments. The interventions identified as potential STIs fall into two categories. First is removing all subsidies from fossil fuels. The second is redirecting government support to clean energy, particularly decentralized clean energy. 2) Human settlements Buildings are the source of 20 percent of global emissions, and with the world furiously urbanizing, that number is likely to rise. A tipping point will have been reached in this system when fossil-fuel-free technologies become “the first choice for new construction and infrastructure projects.” Recommended interventions include changes in building codes, large-scale carbon-free demonstration projects, local cleantech clusters, and large-scale public infrastructure projects. CIRS Not gonna pass up a chance to use a mass timber picture. 3) The financial system The main lever for change in this system is risk perception. The idea is that there is a growing “carbon bubble” of assets that will lose their value under serious climate policy. If large institutions can be convinced of that risk, they could begin withdrawing their investments from fossil fuel-heavy assets, sparking a self-reinforcing cycle, bringing rapid change. (Climate activists have recently begun a coordinated campaign focused on financial institutions.) Naturally, the main STI identified is divestment, in all its forms. Divestment campaigns are a strong social signal to financial institutions that change is coming and they need to get ahead of it. 4) Norms and values Human beings are strongly social creatures, their behavior shaped by the opinions and examples set by their peers. Social scientists have long observed that a sufficiently large and committed minority within a group can trigger tipping points in the larger group’s social norms, causing rapid phase shifts in popular moral opinion. (America’s experience with same-sex marriage is a good example.) Estimates for exactly how large that minority must be have ranged widely, but recent experimental evidence puts it at around 25 percent. Recent examples of norms and values spreading from committed minorities include rooftop solar panels and electric vehicles (which have both been shown to be “contagious,” spreading fastest where they are most visible) and the youth climate strikes, which seem to have sparked a green mini-wave in EU politics. As it happens, economist Robert H. Frank has a book coming out soon, Under the Influence, about just this kind of social contagion and how climate policymakers can use it. The STI identified here is somewhat nebulous: “revealing the moral implications of the continued burning of fossil fuels,” either through statements from leaders and groups or organized pressure campaigns from activists. “There is recent anecdotal evidence that protests, such as the #FridaysForFuture climate strikes of school students around the world, the Extinction Rebellion protests in the United Kingdom, and initiatives such as the Green New Deal in the United States,” they write, “might be indicators of this change in norms and values taking place right now.” Could small changes that improve bike infrastructure trigger a "tipping point" in the collective adoption of biking for transportation? A new study suggests even minor changes that make it easier to choose sustainable behavior can have a big impact.— League of American Bicyclists (@BikeLeague) January 27, 2020 5) The education system Research has shown that education plays a large role in social transformation. The intervention here is pretty simple, just increasing the quantity and quality of climate coverage in primary and secondary education. Such educational campaigns can, like the one against cigarettes in the US, “be strengthened by a supportive family and community context as well as by media campaigns, advertising bans, higher taxes, use prohibitions, and lawsuits against producers.” (Vox’s Umair Irfan has written about the wave of recent lawsuits against fossil fuel companies.) 6) Information feedbacks This one is the most interesting to me because it best fits the criteria of being relatively easy to influence with small interventions and associated in the past with rapid social change. The idea is just to make carbon flows in the economy more visible to consumers, businesses, and governments, through better tracking, monitoring, and corporate disclosure. (For a great example of this effect at work, consider the story of the Toxics Release Inventory in the US, which I described in this post. The TRI did nothing but reveal to US citizens which businesses were releasing toxic pollution, and where, but the resulting public blowback prompted enormous changes.) The researchers stress that all these systems are interconnected and interrelated, operating on different time scales, and that cascading changes in one or more could help trigger similar changes in the others — which is good, because they are all going to need to transform eventually. PNAS There is no comfort to be had in social tipping points For years, frustrated and terrified at the slow pace of change, climate hawks have clung to the notion that progress need not be linear and incremental. Sometimes change can build slowly and then happen all at once. The problem is, climate change isn’t much like same-sex marriage, or cigarettes, or the spread of Protestantism, or any of the historical precedents cited in the paper. It is more deeply rooted in economics, global, and irreversible in a way no previous problem has been. The hoped-for changes are faster, greater in scope, and sustained for longer than any coordinated solution in memory. History isn’t much of a guide. For all the admirable and useful work this research does to put some parameters around the discussion of social tipping points, ultimately it only aggregates what are, in effect, hunches and educated guesses. There are socioeconomic and socioecological systems that we can imagine changing quickly. We can construct narratives about how it could happen. We can guess at what kind of interventions might trigger those changes. If we squint and look around, we can find things that look like evidence of such changes underway — the paper cites IPCC reports, Pope Francis’s encyclical Laudato si’, youth climate activism, “flight shaming,” and the EU’s recent green turn. Sarah Silbiger/Getty Images Tipping, maybe. Could these events signal imminent cascading changes? Sure. Or not. We really have no idea. The researchers conclude with a call for “both social and natural sciences to engage more intensively in collaborative interdisciplinary research to understand rapid social transformations, STEs, and their interactions with tipping elements in the Earth system.” Hallelujah. The more help concerned people can get in focusing their efforts where they might do the most good, the better. Insofar as science can help identify those areas — and this paper is a good start — it is to everyone’s benefit. But we probably don’t have the brain or computing power to understand the logic of the collective behavior of 7 billion semi-rational people, or even the collective behavior of the US’s half-billion. There have never been 7 billion people in the world, or half a billion people in the US, before. Everything humanity is doing now is happening for the first time, in unprecedented conditions. Every decade from here on out will be the warmest humanity has ever experienced and the coolest it is ever likely to experience again. Again, history is of little help. Ultimately, there’s an element of the miraculous to social tipping points, of intrinsic unpredictability. They can be hoped for, strived toward, but they cannot be planned, scheduled, or relied on. There’s nothing anyone can really do with the knowledge that they might be out there except ... keep working. If you’ll indulge me, I’ll conclude with some thoughts from a post I wrote on this same subject way back in 2013: Will unexpected, rapid changes in coming decades be good or bad, positive or negative? That depends on millions of individual choices made in the interim. Some of those choices, if they happen at just the right moment, could be just the perturbations that spark cascading changes in social, economic, or technological systems. Some of those choices, in other words, will be incredibly significant. Which ones? That we cannot know. It could be any of them, any time. Precisely because we cannot know — because any one of our choices might be the proverbial butterfly’s wings — we must act. We must take advantage of every affordance, grasp every opportunity. We don’t know when history might unlock the door, so we have no choice but to keep pushing on it. And really, what else are we going to do?
ClassPass is giving away free one-month trial until end of week
If you’ve been procrastinating on those fitness goals, ClassPass‘ New Year’s deal may be the motivation you need. The fitness company is still offering a free one-month trial for all new users. But you have to move quickly on this discount, seeing that the promotion ends on January 31. With ClassPass, users can take a...
Rudy Giuliani Says He May Be A Witness In Donald Trump's Impeachment Trial, Will Testify With White House Approval
The former New York City mayor claimed Trump never discussed military aid to Ukraine with him.
Allen Iverson's stolen backpack containing $500,000 worth of jewelry found by Philadelphia police
A backpack containing $500,000 of jewelry that reportedly belonged to former NBA star Allen Iverson was stolen from a hotel in Philadelphia. It was later returned.
Fear and anger among Americans in China as plane evacuates hundreds from Wuhan
A plane evacuating 201 Americans from the Chinese city at the center of the virus outbreak continued Wednesday on to Southern California
Jessica Simpson says confronting her abuser was part of her healing process
In her new memoir, Simpson talks for the first time publicly about being abused by a family friend's daughter between the ages of 6 and 12.
India Government Tells Citizens to Use Homeopathy to Treat China Coronavirus
Press Information Bureau suggests people treat symptoms by rubbing alternative medicines into their chest, scalp and nostrils.
Gov. Jim Justice to Virginians upset over left-wing policies: Move to West Virginia
While Virginia has been a hot topic on the national debate over gun violence, West Virginia governor Jim Justice on Wednesday encouraged Virginians to move to West Virginia due to their concern for strict gun control bills advancing in the Virginia state legislature.
Kobe Bryant once spoke of his ‘comfortable’ relationship with death
Kobe Bryant said that he had a "comfortable" relationship with death in an interview that resurfaced after he unexpectantly died in a helicopter crash.
Colorado highway blocked by 'large boulder the size of a small boulder,' stumping internet
This boulder may have rolled to a stop on a highway in Colorado, but the subsequent messages from police created an avalanche of reaction on the internet.
The Thinking Behind China's Quarantines ... And (Illegal) Village Blockades
To contain the Wuhan coronavirus, the government is taking official actions. And some villages are taking matters into their own hands.
Learn how to analyze big data with this training for less than $50
Even though big data has taken over the world, it turns out there’s a massive problem afoot in the industry: most data collected by businesses isn’t being analyzed. New research found that the issue may be caused by a skills gap and could be costing companies billions of dollars. Yikes. Most companies understand what big...
Turning a page, Warren Buffett and Berkshire Hathaway to sell newspapers for $140 million
Berkshire Hathaway chairman and CEO Warren Buffett will sell his hometown newspaper The Omaha World-Herald, 30 more papers in a $140 million deal.
BBC slashes 450 newsroom jobs
BBC News is cutting 450 jobs as part of a modernization plan that will shift resources from television production to digital services.
Lara Logan: Not surprising to see mainstream media barely cover Trump's Mideast peace plan
The mainstream media's decision to essentially sideline the announcement of President Trump's Middle East peace plan is not surprising, Fox Nation host Lara Logan said Wednesday.
Fordham is trending down, but don’t bet on it just yet
When floundering Fordham (+14¹/₂, Over/Under 119) lost to Saint Louis 55-39 Sunday, it was the fourth time the Rams had scored 46 points or less in regulation this season, the 12th time they had scored 61 or less, and the eighth time a full-game betting combination of “opponent and Under” would have swept. Entering the...
Pentagon reports more brain injuries from Iran strikes
Trump threatens war powers veto — Defense earnings reports begin
Joker, meet Hannibal Lecter. How the 2020 best picture nominees line up with the past
The Envelope likes to judge a film's chances of winning the best picture Oscar by seeing whether it echoes any previous winners, and these do. Sort of.
Watch live: Trump signs U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade deal
The signing comes as senators begin asking their questions during the president's impeachment trial.
Democrats' infrastructure proposal gets green tint
What's inside those Perry docs — E&C Democrats unveil 2050 climate bill
Coronavirus outbreak puts U.S.-China relations to the test
What we know, and don’t know, about the virus — House set to extend fentanyl ban despite sentencing concerns
Democrats join court fight over SNAP crackdown
Peterson pans USDA conservation tool — U.S.-India ag trade deal in the works
A sleeper of a tax increase
Plotting next steps — Investigations rising
Here's the totally political reason Rick Scott is running anti-impeachment ads in Iowa right now
Rick Scott represents Florida in the Senate. And presumably he's pretty busy right now, what with the Senate considering whether or not to remove President Donald Trump from office and all.
Major bank pulls support for Florida voucher program over LGBTQ discrimination report
Fifth Third Bank is pulling millions of dollars in funding it had pledged to a Florida private school voucher program following a report that dozens of participating schools discriminated against members of the LGBTQ community.
Democrats' infrastructure plans brimming with climate action
Amtrak promises Illinois senators accessibility improvements — DOT launches human trafficking initiatives
What’s next for Huawei in Europe?
Saudi-linked hackers targeted NYT reporter — House panel takes up cyber bills
NEA waits for a proven winner in 2020 race
Universities' ties to China under a microscope after Harvard professor's arrest — 'Sudden college closures' on tap for closed-door Education Department meeting
It's USMCA signing day
U.S. and India look to February trade deal — Trump's Mideast peace plan includes a U.S.-Palestine FTA
New poll: Biden, Sanders running neck-and-neck in Iowa
The former vice president got 23 percent to the senator's 21 percent in a new Monmouth poll.
Review: How artist Christopher Myers stitched messages of freedom from everyday fabrics
At Fort Gansevoort gallery in Los Angeles, sewn collages on view now speak of the fight against oppression and subjugation.
Dispatches from ONC's annual meeting
Practice Fusion settles federal charges — Judge says no-can-do on HIPAA rule
Our unanswered questions ahead of the FEC filing deadline
Buttigieg’s struggles with black voters — Republicans roll to victory in Texas state House special
'Terminator' star Linda Hamilton 'never, ever' expected to return as Sarah Connor
Linda Hamilton (aka Sarah Connor) discusses the humanity at the heart of 'Terminator' sequel 'Dark Fate,' just released for home viewing.
Review: 'Children of the Land' chronicles an immigrant poet's story of hiding in plain sight
In his memoir 'Children of the Land,' poet Marcelo Hernandez Castillo writes of border journeys, family separation and crossing a 'threshold of invisibility.'
Trump to sign USMCA, marking major tech victory
What’s next for Huawei in Europe? — Schakowsky on Section 230
Tucker Carlson: Impeachment is all that matters in the media and important stories are being ignored. Why?
There are at least three news stories more compelling and more inherently important than the impeachment farce.